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Table 2 Self and proxy reported health status using the EQ-5D-5L descriptive system and utility scores in the first-test and second-test

From: EQ-5D-5L in Schizophrenia: differences between patients and nurses’ reports

Levels/dimensions (%) Mobility Self-care Usual activities Pain/discomfort Anxiety/depression Mean utility score
Self Proxy Self Proxy Self Proxy Self Proxy Self Proxy Self Proxy
FIRST-TEST (admitted to the quiet rooms)
 No problems 96.60 95.63 19.41* 23.30* 12.62* 5.34* 58.25* 39.81* 0.97 2.91 0.625* 0.596*
 Slight problems 1.94 2.91 50.97* 62.14* 73.30* 60.68* 38.35* 42.72* 19.90 18.93   
 Moderate problems 0.49 0.49 28.16* 11.65* 12.62* 32.04* 1.94* 16.02* 58.25 54.37   
 Severe problems 0.49 0.49 1.46* 2.91* 0.97* 1.94* 1.46* 1.46* 16.99 21.84   
 Unable/extreme problems 0.49 0.49 0.00* 0.00* 0.49* 0.00* 0.00* 0.00* 3.88 1.94   
SECOND-TEST (discharged from the hospital)
 No problems 98.54 98.06 56.31 60.68 38.35* 23.30* 92.72* 72.82* 30.58 29.61 0.829* 0.780*
 Slight problems 0.00 0.49 42.23 37.86 60.68* 74.27* 6.31* 26.70* 62.62 59.22   
 problems 0.49 0.49 1.46 0.97 0.97* 2.43* 0.97* 0.49* 6.80 11.17   
 Severe problems 0.97 0.97 0.00 0.49 0.00* 0.00* 0.00* 0.00* 0.00 0.00   
 Unable/extreme problems 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00* 0.00* 0.00* 0.00* 0.00 0.00   
  1. *Differences between self-report and proxy-report in the respected dimension and utility scores is statistically significant (P value < 0.05)