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Table 3 HRQL (SF-36), SOC (SOC-13), SRH and tiredness among women and men with and without dizziness

From: Dizziness and health-related quality of life among older adults in an urban population: a cross-sectional study

  Women Men Women and men
No dizziness Dizziness No dizziness Dizziness No dizziness Dizziness
SF-36, mean (SD)
n= 132 152 94 93 226 245
Physical functioning       
Role physical 69.7 (24.6) 57.2 (24.0) *** 77.6 (20.0) 65.6 (24.0) ** 73.0 (23) 60.3 (24.9) ***
Bodily pain 65.5 (41.6) 52.2 (44.0) ** 73.8 (37.6) 55.6 (42.1) ** 69.0 (40.0) 53.5 (43.3) ***
General health 70.9 (27.3) 53.0 (24.1) *** 76.7 (25.3) 65.0 (27.3) ** 73.3 (26.7) 57.5 (25.9) ***
Vitality 70.0 (18.7) 56.5 (20.6) *** 68.1 (18.7) 60.6 (21.5) * 69.2 (18.7) 58.0 (20.0) ***
Social functioning 68.1 (21.6) 55.1 (24.4) *** 70.6 (20.6) 59.7 (23.1) ** 69.2 (21.2) 56.8 (23.9) ***
Role emotional 86.3 (20.1) 76.3 (25.7) ** 87.8 (20.3) 81.1 (25.0) * 86.9 (20.6) 78.1 (25.5) ***
Mental health 76.1 (39.1) 67.6 (40.5) 79.6 (33.0) 68.4 (39.7) * 77.6 (36.7) 67.9 (40.1) **
  80.9 (18.3) 73.0 (21.8) ** 84.5 (17.5) 80.7 (16.0) 82.4 (18.0) 75.9 (20) **
SOC-13, mean (SD)   
n= 126 146 98 82 228 224
SOC-13 total 75.4 (11.1) 74.2 (10.3) 75.7 (8.37) 74.7 (9.31) 75.5 (9.99) 74.4 (9.97)
SOC:       
Comprehensibility 28.0 (4.60) 28.0 (4.26) 28.7 (3.59) 28.0 (3.95) 28.3 (4.19) 28.0 (4.15)
Manageability 23.0 (3.96) 22.6 (3.51) 23.0 (3.07) 22.9 (3.01) 23.0 (3.59) 22.7 (3.34)
Meaningfulness 24.2 (4.61) 24.0 (4.20) 24.6 (3.09) 23.8 (4.19) 24.4 (4.02) 23.8 (4.19)
SRH and tiredness, n (%)   
Very good 54 (32) 22 (10) 39 (31) 12 (10) 93 (31) 34 (10)
Good 103 (61) 154 (70) 79 (63) 95 (77) 182 (62) 249 (72)
Pretty poor 12 (7) 39 (18) 6 (5) 14 (11) 18 (6) 53 (16)
Very poor 1 (1) 5 (2) 2 (2) 3 (2) 3 (1) 8 (2)
   p < 0.0001   p < 0.001   p < 0.0001
Not feeling well 22 (13) 62 (29) ** 15 (12) 31 (25) ** 37 (13) 93 (27) ***
Feeling tired 61 (36) 113 (52) ** 35 (28) 57 (46) ** 96 (32) 170 (50) ***
  1. Health-related quality of life (HRQL) measured with Short form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36), Sense of coherence (SOC-13), self-rated health (SRH) and tiredness among women and men with and without dizziness
  2. p values based on t test (SF-36, SOC-13), Mantel–Haenszel chi square test (SRH) and Fisher’s exact test (feeling tired, not feeling well), comparing dizzy and non-dizzy individuals (SF-36, SOC-13), *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  3. The maximum score for SF-36 is 100 for every domain, higher scores indicate better HRQL. The maximum total score for SOC-13 is 91 (range 13–91), higher scores indicate higher sense of coherence