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Table 1 Characteristics of study population

From: Dizziness and health-related quality of life among older adults in an urban population: a cross-sectional study

  Women (n = 395) Men (n = 252) Women and men (n = 647)
No dizziness
n = 173
Dizziness
n = 222
No dizziness
n = 127
Dizziness
n = 125
No dizziness
n = 300
Dizziness
n = 347
Marital status, n (%)
Single 18 (11) 12 (6) 14 (11) 13 (10) 32 (11) 25 (7)
Married 57 (33) 74 (34) 89 (70) 82 (65) 146 (49) 156 (46)
Divorced 23 (13) 35 (16) 7 (6) 10 (8) 30 (10) 45 (13)
Widow 73 (43) 95 (44) 17 (13) 20 (16) 90 (30) 115 (34)
Type of housing, n (%)
Apartment 115 (67) 145 (56) 70 (56) 74 (60) 185 (63) 219 (65)
Private house 51 (30) 60 (28) 53 (42) 47 (38) 104 (35) 107 (32)
Sheltered living 5 (3) 9 (4) 2 (2) 3 (2) 7 (2) 12 (4)
Dependent in help with, n (%)
Cleaning the house 28 (16) 61 (29)** 22 (17) 29 (23)** 50 (17) 90 (26)**
Shopping 24 (14) 37 (17) 8 (6) 22 (18)** 32 (11) 59 (17) *
Transport 23 (13) 40 (18) 6 (5) 17 (14)* 29 (10) 57 (17)*
Cooking 12 (7) 16 (7) 7 (6) 18 (15)* 19 (6) 34 (10)
Bathing 12 (7) 18 (8) 3 (2) 12 (10)* 15 (5) 30 (9)
Dressing 11 (6) 6 (3) 2 (2) 5 (4) 13 (4) 11 (3)
Toileting 6 (3) 3 (1) 2 (2) 3 (2) 8 (3) 6 (2)
Transferring 4 (2) 4 (2) 2 (2) 1 (1) 6 (2) 5 (1)
Continence 7 (4) 8 (4) 3 (2) 3 (2) 10 (3) 11 (3)
Eating 2 (1) 2 (1) 1 (1) 0 3 (1) 2 (1)
Number of ADLa dependency
0 141 (82) 151 (69) 104 (83) 92 (74) 245 (82) 243 (71)
1 10 (6) 34 (16) 13 (10) 7 (35) 23 (8) 41 (12)
2–3 9 (5) 20 (9) 6 (5) 16 (73) 15 (5) 36 (10)
4–8 12 (7) 14 (6) 3 (2) 9 (75) 15 (5) 23 (7)
   ns   p < 0.05   p < 0.01
  1. aADL activities of daily living. p values based on and Fisher’s exact test (dependence of help for ADL and instrumental ADL), Chi square test (marital status, type of housing) and Mantel–Haenszel chi square test (number of ADL dependencies), comparing dizzy and non-dizzy individuals, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001