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Table 5 Adjusted odds ratios and 95% confidence interval (CI) for poor physical and mental health-related quality of life in men and women

From: Health-related quality of life in men and women who experienced cardiovascular diseases: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

  PCS MCS
Odds ratio P value Odds ratio P value
Men (n = 3232)
CVDs (yes) 1.93 (1.32–2.84) 0.001 1.21 (0.87–1.68) 0.270
Age 1.02 (1.01–1.03) 0.003 0.98 (0.97–0.99) 0.002
Marital status
 Married Ref   Ref  
 Unmarried 0.54 (0.41–0.71) < 0.001 1.46 (1.12–1.90) 0.005
Level of education
 Higher Ref   Ref  
 Secondary 1.05 (0.86–1.29) 0.632 1.24 (1.02–1.52) 0.030
 Primary 1.72 (1.29–2.29) < 0.001 1.05 (0.80–1.38) 0.714
Job status
 Employed Ref   Ref  
 Unemployed, but had other sources of income 1.02 (0.75–1.39) 0.889 1.06 (0.80–1.42) 0.671
 Unemployed/student/housewife 0.90 (0.55–1.49) 0.690 1.07 (0.67–1.70) 0.788
Physical activity levels
 High Ref   Ref  
 Moderate 0.81 (0.64–1.03) 0.088 1.51 (1.20–1.90) < 0.001
 Low 1.27 (0.99–1.61) 0.054 1.42 (1.13–1.79) 0.003
Diabetes (yes) 1.78 (1.32–2.39) < 0.001 1.24 (0.95–1.61) 0.120
Hypertension (yes) 1.31 (1.04–1.67) 0.022 0.88 (0.70–1.10) 0.249
Chronic kidney diseases (yes) 1.02 (0.77–1.36) 0.875 0.76 (0.58–0.99) 0.040
Cancer (yes) 2.69 (1.01–7.17) 0.048 0.78 (0.33–1.86) 0.581
Women (n = 3777)
CVDs (yes) 1.06 (0.66–1.70) 0.799 1.68 (1.11–2.54) 0.015
Age 1.05 (1.04–1.06) < 0.001 0.98 (0.97–0.99) 0.001
Marital status
 Married Ref   Ref  
 Unmarried 0.53 (0.41–0.69) < 0.001 1.27 (1.01–1.59) 0.039
Level of education
 Higher Ref   Ref  
 Secondary 1.18 (0.93–1.50) 0.185 1.60 (1.29–1.99) < 0.001
 Primary 1.38 (1.01–1.90) 0.046 1.97 (1.48–2.63) < 0.001
Job status
 Employed Ref   Ref  
 Unemployed, but had other sources of income 0.68 (0.46–1.02) 0.065 1.49 (1.03–2.16) 0.033
 Unemployed/student/housewife 0.82 (0.57–1.18) 0.277 1.36 (0.98–1.89) 0.069
Physical activity levels
 High Ref   Ref  
 Moderate 1.37 (1.04–1.82) 0.028 1.09 (0.85–1.40) 0.480
 Low 2.18 (1.59–2.98) < 0.001 1.17 (0.89–1.53) 0.269
Smoking (yes) 1.08 (0.72–1.60) 0.715 2.01 (1.38–2.92) < 0.001
BMI 1.08 (1.06–1.10) < 0.001 1.01 (0.99–1.02) 0.592
Diabetes (yes) 1.26 (0.96–1.65) 0.090 0.90 (0.71–1.14) 0.381
Hypertension (yes) 1.04 (0.80–1.34) 0.794 1.21 (0.96–1.52) 0.106
Chronic kidney diseases (yes) 0.75 (0.60–0.94) 0.011 0.93 (0.75–1.14) 0.455
  1. Data in bold, indicate statistically significant p-values
  2. PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary