Skip to main content

Table 3 Descriptive statistics in men and women based on CVDs

From: Health-related quality of life in men and women who experienced cardiovascular diseases: Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study

  Men (n = 3232) Value* P value Women (n = 3777) Value* P value
Without CVDs (n = 2940) With CVDs (n = 292) Without CVDs (n = 3612) With CVDs (n = 165)
Age (year) 45.1 ± 14.6 65.0 ± 10.2 − 30.3a < 0.001 45.9 ± 13.6 64.9 ± 7.9 − 28.9a < 0.001
Marital status
 Single/divorced/widowed 653 (22.2) 12 (4.1) 53.3b < 0.001 851 (23.6) 54 (32.7) 7.28b 0.007
 Married 2287 (77.8) 280 (95.9)    2761 (76.4) 111 (67.3)   
Level of education
 Primary 516 (17.6) 119 (40.8) 104.4b < 0.001 932 (25.8) 125 (75.8) 200.6b < 0.001
 Secondary 1232 (41.9) 117 (40.1)    1454 (40.3) 34 (20.6)   
 Higher 1192 (40.5) 56 (19.2)    1226 (33.9) 6 (3.6)   
Job status
 Unemployed/student/housewife 213 (7.2) 5 (1.7) 310.3b < 0.001 2556 (70.8) 113 (68.5) 108.0b  < 0.001
 Unemployed, but had other sources of income 437 (14.9) 166 (56.8)    324 (9.0) 51 (30.9)   
 Employed 2290 (77.9) 121 (41.4)    732 (20.3) 1 (0.6)   
Physical activity
 Low 1098 (37.3) 115 (39.4) 6.03b  0.049 975 (27.0) 68 (41.2) 19.3b  < 0.001
 Moderate 1122 (38.2) 124 (42.5)    2186 (60.5) 88 (53.3)   
 High 720 (24.5) 53 (18.2)    451 (12.5) 9 (5.5)   
Smoking
 Yes 1233 (41.9) 127 (43.5) 0.26b 0.608 200 (5.5) 3 (1.8) 4.3b 0.038
 No 1707 (58.1) 165 (56.5)    3412 (94.5) 162 (98.2)   
Body mass index (kg/m2) 27.5 ± 4.4 27.3 ± 3.8 0.87a 0.384 28.4 ± 5.3 30.9 ± 4.9 − 5.89a < 0.001
Diabetes (yes) 353 (12.0) 121 (41.4) 183.8b < 0.001 499 (13.8) 75 (45.5) 122.6b < 0.001
Hypertension (yes) 601 (20.4) 168 (57.5) 201.5b < 0.001 694 (19.2) 114 (69.1) 233.4b < 0.001
Chronic kidney diseases (yes) 381 (13.0) 121 (41.4) 164.2b < 0.001 1004 (27.8) 124 (75.2) 168.9b < 0.001
Cancer (yes) 26 (0.9) 8 (2.7) 8.78b 0.009 51 (1.4) 3 (1.8) 0.19b 0.510
  1. Data are reported as mean ± SD for continues variables and n(%) for categorical variables. P values for normal continuous variables were achieved using t-test. For categorical variables, chi-square test was used. *Values are t-value (a) and χ2(b)