Skip to main content

Table 5 Dimension-specific influencing factors of eq-5d among stroke survivors (n = 366) using multivariable logistic regression analysis

From: Health-related quality of life profiles and their dimension-specific associated factors among Malaysian stroke survivors: a cross sectional study

  Mobility
aOR (CI)
Self-care
aOR (CI)
Usual activities
aOR (CI)
Pain/discomfort
aOR (CI)
Anxiety/Depression
aOR (CI)
Age 0.97 (0.95, 0.99)*
Working status      
Employed (ref) 1
Unemployed 2.96 (1.40, 6.26)#     
Types of strokes      
Ischaemic (ref) 1
Haemorrhagic    2.32 (1.01, 5.31)*   
Number of stroke episodes      
First (ref) 1 1
Recurrent   2.09 (1.07, 4.08)*   1.86 (1.04, 3.31)*  
Malnutrition risk      
Low risk (< 2 points)(ref) 1 1 1
High risk (≥ 2 points) 3.07 (1.46, 6.46)# 1.78 (1.01, 3.14)* 2.46 (1.19, 5.10)*   
Aphasia      
No (ref) 1 1
Yes    4.35 (1.76, 10.77)# 0.59 (0.37, 0.94)*  
Smoking status      
Never smoke (ref) 1
Ex-smoker 1.15 (0.58, 2.32)     
Smoking 0.29 (0.11, 0.76)*     
Obesity (BMI ≥ 27.5 kg/m2)      
No (ref) 1
Yes    0.53 (0.29, 0.99)*   
Physical activity level      
Moderate to high (ref) 1
Low    2.12 (1.15, 3.90)*   
Wheelchair user      
No (ref) 1 1
Yes   33.85 (15.87, 72.22)** 13.55 (1.77, 103.84)*   
Respondents      
Patient (ref) 1
Proxy      2.60 (1.60, 4.23)**
Hosmer–Lemeshow’s test 0.961 0.811 0.982 1 0.691
Classification Table (%) 86.1 82.5 83.3 63.1 59.3
ROC 0.688 0.832 0.812 0.574 0.64
  1. High malnutrition risk = MRST-H scores ≥ 2 points; Low malnutrition risk = MRST-H scores < 2 points; Moderate to high physical activity level = IPAQ scores ≥ 600 MET-min/week; Low physical activity level = IPAQ scores < 600 MET-min/week; Multivariate logistic regression is applied. Adjusted for variables found to have p < 0.25 at univariate analysis in Table 4, age (continuous), sex, and use of a proxy respondent
  2. BMI, body mass index; MET, metabolic equivalent of task values; min, minutes; MRST-H, Malnutrition Risk Screening Tool-Hospital; IPAQ, International Physical Activity Questionnaire; aOR, adjusted odd ratio; CI, confidence interval
  3. *p < 0.05
  4. #p < 0.005
  5. **p < 0.001