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Table 1 Socio-demographic characteristics, clinical profiles, nutrition status and physical activity level of the stroke survivors (n = 366)

From: Health-related quality of life profiles and their dimension-specific associated factors among Malaysian stroke survivors: a cross sectional study

Variables n (%)
Age (mean ± sd) 59 ± 11
Age  
< 60 years 170 (46)
≥ 60 years 196 (54)
Sex  
Female 161 (44)
Male 205 (56)
Marital status  
Married 272 (74)
Single 22 (6)
Divorced 12 (3)
Widowed 60 (17)
Education  
Primary and less 128 (35)
Secondary 196 (54)
Tertiary 42 (11)
Working status  
Employed 42 (12)
Unemployed 324 (88)
Income  
< MYR 3000 80 (22)
≥ MYR 3000 286 (78)
Number of comorbidities  
0–2 156 (43)
3–4 189 (51)
≥ 5 21 (6)
Obesity (Body mass index ≥ 27.5 kg/m2)  
Yes 102 (28)
No 264 (72)
Smoking status  
Never smoke 226 (62)
Ex-smoker 115 (31)
Smoking 25 (7)
Type of stroke  
Ischaemic 284 (78)
Haemorrhagic 82 (22)
Time since stroke  
< 12 months 187 (51)
≥ 12 months 179 (49)
Number of stroke episodes  
First 292 (80)
Recurrent 74 (20)
Location of stroke  
Left 178 (49)
Right 133 (36)
Unspecified 51 (14)
Bilateral 4 (1)
Aphasia  
Yes 120 (33)
No 246 (67)
Wheelchair user  
Yes 104 (28)
No 262 (72)
Malnutrition risk  
High risk (≥ 2 points) 150 (41)
Low risk (< 2 point) 216 (59)
Physical activity  
Low (< 600 min MET-min/week) 239 (65)
Moderate and high (≥ 600 MET-min/week) 127 (35)
Respondents  
Patient 265 (72)
Proxy 101 (28)
  1. Comorbidities = hypertension, diabetes mellitus, dyslipidaemia, ischaemic heart disease, atrial fibrillation, chronic kidney diseases, liver diseases, pulmonary diseases, arthritis, gout, Parkinson, and mood disorder; Malnutrition risk was assessed by the Malnutrition Risk Screening Tool- Hospital; Physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire 
  2. MYR, Malaysian Ringgit; MET, metabolic equivalent of task values; min, minutes; sd, standard deviation