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Table 1 Baccalaureate nursing students’ characteristics and level of fear of COVID-19 (N = 2605)

From: Quality of life and fear of COVID-19 in 2600 baccalaureate nursing students at five universities: a cross-sectional study

  Number of respondents Percent respondents Mean FCV-19S ± SDb P valuea
University A (n = 1893)     < 0.001
 B (n = 1796) 938 36 2.57 ± 0.85  
 C (n = 858) 874 34 2.41 ± 0.79  
 D (n = 675) 396 15 2.32 ± 0.71  
 E (n = 866) 214 8 2.38 ± 0.72  
  184 7 2.44 ± 0.80  
Years in the baccalaureate nursing programme     < 0.001
 1 1074 41 2.54 ± 0.82  
 2 801 31 2.40 ± 0.81  
 3 730 28 2.45 ± 0.80  
Age, years     < 0.001
 < 25 1846 71 2.50 ± 0.80  
 25–29 377 14 2.37 ± 0.82  
 ≥ 30 382 15 2.27 ± 0.74  
Living alone     0.663
 No 2140 82 2.45 ± 0.80  
 Yes 465 18 2.47 ± 0.80  
Number of times tested for COVID-19     0.589
 Never 765 29 2.44 ± 0.81  
 1 724 28 2.43 ± 0.80  
 2 445 17 2.43 ± 0.81  
 3 325 12 2.47 ± 0.81  
 ≥ 4 346 13 2.51 ± 0.77  
History of a positive COVID-19 test     0.077
 No 2482 95 2.45 ± 0.80  
 Yes 110 5 2.57 ± 0.82  
Quarantine status related to COVID-19     0.145
 Never 1302 50 2.42 ± 0.80  
 Previous 1253 48 2.48 ±0.80  
 Now 150 2 2.56 ± 0.91  
At risk for COVID-19 complications     < 0.001
 No 2091 80 2.36 ±0.76  
 Uncertain 324 13 2.80 ± 0.82  
 Yes 190 7 2.81 ± 0.95  
Trust in the government’s handling of the COVID-19 situation     < 0.001
 Strongly disagree/disagree 232 9 2.56 ± 0.97  
 Neither disagree nor agree 561 22 2.53 ± 0.82  
 Agree 1344 52 2.45 ± 0.79  
 Strongly agree 468 18 2.30 ± 0.80  
Trust in the universities’ handling of the COVID-19 situation     < 0.001
 Strongly disagree 182 7 2.60 ± 0.96  
 Disagree 447 17 2.51 ± 0.85  
 Neither disagree nor agree 783 30 2.53 ± 0.80  
 Agree 984 38 2.36 ± 0.82  
 Strongly agree 213 8 2.29 ± 0.80  
Feeling lonely due to COVID-19     < 0.001
 Strongly disagree 165 6 1.94 ± 0.70  
 Disagree 380 15 2.18 ± 0.72  
 Neither disagree nor agree 446 17 2.29 ± 0.71  
 Agree 899 34 2.45 ± 0.74  
 Strongly agree 718 28 2.81 ± 0.84  
Engagement in clinical practice during the pandemic     < 0.001
 Yes 1591 61 2.41 ± 0.79  
 No 1014 39 2.52  ± 0.80  
  1. FCV-19S: Fear of Covid-19 Scale. Higher score on Fear of COVID-19 scale (FCV-19S) (1–5) reflects greater fear of COVID-19. University A: Oslo Metropolitan University, B: Western Norway University of Applied Sciences, C: University of Agder, D: Norwegian University of Sciences and Technology, E: University of Stavanger
  2. aUnadjusted P values for between-groups differences (one way ANOVA)
  3. bStandard deviation