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Table 3 Respondents’ interpretation of the items of the WOOP

From: Content validation of the Well-being of Older People measure (WOOP)

  N (%)
Physical health N = 87 (out of 92 respondents)  
 Ability to do what you want / need 41 (47)
 No diseases / disabilities, (feeling) health(y) 32 (37)
 Mobility 21 (24)
 Independence, no need for support (from other people) 10 (11)
 No pain 8 (9)
 Feeling good 7 (8)
 No need for care / medicine 6 (7)
Mental health N = 78(out of 87 respondents)  
 No diseases / disabilities (e.g. dementia, depression, anxiety), be clearheaded, (feeling) health(y) 36 (46)
 Ability to think / understand, no confusion 19 (24)
 Ability to do what you want / need 16 (21)
 Feeling calm / stable, no stress / worries 12 (15)
 Feeling happy / content, having a positive outlook, not feeling blue 12 (15)
 Ability to deal with / accept circumstances (e.g. changes, problems) 10 (13)
 Ability to remember / no forgetfulness 8 (10)
Social contacts N = 82 (out of 88 respondents)  
 Family (e.g. partner, children, grandchildren) 50 (61)
 Friends / acquaintances 50 (61)
 Neighbours / locals 30 (37)
 Other people (in general) 21 (26)
 Social clubs / organisations (e.g. sport, hobbies, church) 15 (18)
 Quality of contact: good / reasonable 14 (17)
 Visits / meetings 11 (13)
 Chat 9 (11)
 Frequency of contact: regular / sufficient 9 (11)
 (Previous) contacts job / volunteering 7 (9)
 (Offer and receive) support 5 (6)
Receive support N = 81 (out of 88 respondents)  
 Help / assistance 29 (36)
 Practical help (e.g. home care, personal care) 24 (30)
 Emotional / social help (e.g. empathy, friendship) 24 (30)
 When needed (in general) 24 (30)
 From other people (in general) 22 (27)
 From family (e.g. partner, children, grandchildren) 18 (22)
 With problems / setbacks / difficulties (e.g. feeling blue / lonely) 15 (19)
 With diseases / limitations (also of partner) 14 (17)
 From friends 6 (7)
 From neighbours / locals 6 (7)
 From professionals (e.g. organisations, municipality) 5 (6)
Acceptance and resilience N = 80 (out of 94 respondents)  
 (Ability to) accept 33 (41)
 (Ability to) deal with 27 (34)
 Ageing / disabilities / limitations 27 (34)
 Circumstances (past, present) / changes 24 (30)
 Be content /positive / open (keep going) 22 (28)
 Problems / setbacks / difficulties (e.g., loved ones passing away) 21 (26)
 (Ability to) process / recover from 11 (14)
 Feeling accepted / valued (by yourself / others), accepting others 9 (11)
Feeling useful N = 83 (out of 88 respondents)  
 (Ability to) offer support (e.g. informal caregiving) 53 (64)
 To other people (in general) 38 (46)
 To family (e.g. children, grandchildren) 14 (17)
 Ability to do what you want / need 13 (16)
 Volunteering / working 12 (14)
 (Ability to) offer practical (physical) support (e.g. home care) 8 (10)
 To friends / acquaintances 7 (8)
 Feeling valued / that you matter (e.g. be taken seriously) 7 (8)
Feeling useful  
 (Ability to) offer emotional (social / mental) support (e.g. visits) 6 (7)
 To social clubs (e.g. hobbies) / society / humankind 6 (7)
 With ageing / diseases / disabilities 5 (6)
Independence N = 90 (out of 94 respondents)  
 Be self-supportive, no need for support / care (from others) 64 (71)
 Ability to do what you want / need 52 (58)
 Be in control (e.g. thoughts, decisions, lifestyle) 19 (21)
 Financial independence (e.g. having sufficient financial means) 5 (6)
Making ends meet N = 84 (out of 89 respondents)  
 Ability to pay for what you want / need 52 (62)
 (Sufficient) income / financial means 28 (33)
 No financial problems / debts / loans 17 (20)
 No financial worries / need to economize 13 (15)
 Ability to save / pay for unexpected expenses 8 (10)
 Ability to manage / watch your expenses 8 (10)
Living situation N = 75 (out of 87 respondents)  
 House 51 (68)
 Comfortable / nice / beautiful 40 (53)
 Neighbourhood 25 (33)
 Adjustments to age (e.g. moving, elevator, easy to maintain) 17 (23)
 Interior (incl. garden / view) 7 (9)
 Neighbours / locals 7 (9)
 Peaceful / quiet 7 (9)
 Safety 7 (9)
 Living arrangements (in general) 6 (8)
 (City) centre / facilities / social contacts close by 6 (8)
 Affordable (e.g. rent, mortgage) / ownership 6 (8)
 Spacious 5 (7)
  1. WOOP, Well-being of Older People measure
  2. Respondents were only shown the item name (see “Appendix 1”, shown in bold). Aspects that were mentioned by less than 5 respondents are not displayed