Skip to main content

Table 8 Comparison of CHU9D utility scores between children with different sociodemographic and health characteristics (n = 473)

From: Feasibility, reliability and validity of the health-related quality of life instrument Child Health Utility 9D (CHU9D) among school-aged children and adolescents in Sweden

  CHU9D
(Child algorithm)
CHU9D
(Adult algorithm)
p value
Mean (SD) Median (IQR) p value1 Mean (SD) Median (IQR)
Sex
 Girls 0.69 (0.22) 0.72 (0.52–0.89)  > 0.001 0.83 (0.11) 0.84 (0.75–0.93)  > 0.001
 Boys 0.78 (0.18) 0.84 (0.68–0.91) 0.88 (0.09) 0.90 (0.82–0.95)
School stages
 Grades 1–3 0.80 (0.18) 0.86 (0.70–0.95) 0.0001 0.88 (0.09) 0.91 (0.83–0.95) 0.0001
 Grades 4–6 0.75 (0.20) 0.79 (0.62–0.89) 0.86 (0.10) 0.88 (0.79–0.93)
 Grades 7–9 0.65 (0.23) 0.66 (0.48–0.85) 0.81 (0.11) 0.82 (0.75–0.90)
Parents’ country of birth
 None Sweden 0.76 (0.21) 0.80 (0.60–0.97) 0.322 0.87 (0.11) 0.90 (0.78–0.96) 0.303
 One Sweden 0.72 (0.18) 0.70 (0.59–0.87) 0.85 (0.09) 0.85 (0.79–0.92)
 Both Sweden 0.73 (0.21) 0.79 (0.59–0.91) 0.85 (0.11) 0.87 (0.78–0.93)
Custody arrangement
 Not living with both parents 0.69 (0.21) 0.71 (0.53–0.86) 0.018 0.83 (0.11) 0.83 (0.76–0.92) 0.025
 Living with both parents 0.74 (0.21) 0.80 (0.59–0.91) 0.86 (0.11) 0.88 (0.78–0.93)
General health
 Not good 0.48 (0.19) 0.47 (0.33–0.60) 0.0001 0.72 (0.10) 0.72 (0.65–0.78) 0.0001
 Good 0.64 (0.19) 0.62 (0.48–0.79) 0.80 (0.10) 0.79 (0.74–0.88)
 Very good 0.81 (0.16) 0.86 (0.70–0.96) 0.89 (0.08) 0.91 (0.84–0.95)
Long-term illness/disability
 Yes 0.71 (0.23) 0.78 (0.54–0.89) 0.008 0.84 (0.12) 0.87 (0.77–0.93) 0.048
 No 0.77 (0.19) 0.80 (0.63–0.94) 0.87 (0.09) 0.88 (0.80–0.95)
Family affluence
 Low (< 25percentile) 0.75 (0.19) 0.81 (0.60–0.92) 0.732 0.87 (0.10) 0.88 (0.78–0.95) 0.438
 Middle (25–75percentile) 0.74 (0.20) 0.79 (0.60–0.89) 0.85 (0.10) 0.87 (0.79–0.93)
 High (> 75percentile) 0.71 (0.24) 0.79 (0.52–0.94) 0.84 (0.12) 0.87 (0.76–0.93)
  1. IQR inter quartile range, SD standard deviation
  2. 1p values estimated by use of Kruskal–Wallis equality-of-populations rank test and Mann–Whitney U (Wilcoxon rank sum)