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Table 5 Unadjusted and adjusted odds of the association between ECOHIS scores and exploratory variables

From: Role of family functioning and health-related quality of life in pre-school children with dental caries: a cross-sectional study

Variables Unadjusted Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
OR 95% CI p value Adjusted OR 95% CI p value Adjusted OR 95% CI p value Adjusted OR 95% CI p value
Demographic variables             
Age             
 4 years 0.85 (0.38–1.87) 0.687          
 5 years 1.41 (0.58–3.38) 0.439          
 6 years 1.00            
Gender             
 Male 1.27 (0.65–2.48) 0.474          
 Female 1.00            
Siblings             
 No siblings 1.00    1.00    1.00    1.00   
 One sibling 1.10 (0.44–2.72) 0.837 0.96 (0.37–2.45) 0.938 1.01 (0.38–2.66) 0.975 0.82 (0.28–2.34) 0.712
 Two or more 2.62 (0.93–7.38) 0.067 2.48 (0.86–7.17) 0.092 3.00 (1.00–9.02) 0.050 4.73 (1.38–16.23) 0.013
Relationship to child             
 Father 1.00    1.00    1.00    1.00   
 Mother 2.54 (1.24–5.21) 0.011 2.64 (1.26–5.54) 0.010 2.33 (1.09–4.97) 0.027 2.86 (1.24–6.59) 0.013
Monthly income             
 Up to RM 5000 1.00            
 More than RM5000 0.87 (0.39–1.94) 0.747          
Family functioning: GF 12             
 Good FAD 1.00       1.00    1.00   
 Poor FAD 2.87 (1.19–6.93) 0.019     3.02 (1.19–7.67) 0.020 1.05 (0.37–3.02) 0.917
Dental caries status             
 Caries free 1.00          1.00   
 Caries 4.87 (2.40–9.90) < 0.001        8.12 (3.17–20.83) < 0.001
  1. Bold are statistically significant
  2. Binary regression analysis: independent variables adjusted up to 3 Models based on significance (0.2)