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Table 3 Association between socio-demographic characteristics and caries status of the study sample

From: Role of family functioning and health-related quality of life in pre-school children with dental caries: a cross-sectional study

Socio-demographic Caries free
n (%)
Caries
n (%)
Total
n (%)
P value
Total 73 (50.7) 71 (49.3) 144 (100)  
Age     
 4 years 32 (50.8) 31 (49.2) 63 (100) 0.993
 5 years 20 (51.3) 19 (48.7) 39 (100)  
 6 years 21 (50.0) 21 (50.0) 42 (100)  
Gender     
 Male 32 (50.8) 31 (49.2) 63 (100) 0.983
 Female 41 (50.6) 40 (49.4) 81 (100)  
Siblings     
 No siblings 13 (50.0) 13 (50.0) 26 (100) 0.050
 One sibling 35 (43.2) 46 (56.8) 81 (100)  
 Two or more 25 (67.6) 12 (44.4) 37 (100)  
Relationship to child     
 Father 28 (54.9) 23 (45.1) 51 (100) 0.455
 Mother 45 (48.4) 48 (51.6) 93 (100)  
Monthly income     
 Up to RM 5000 17 (54.8) 14 (45.2) 31 (100) 0.602
 More than RM5000 56 (49.6) 57 (50.4) 113 (100)  
Family functioning: GF 12     
 Good family functioning 72 (61.5) 45 (38.5) 117 (100)  < 0.001
 Poor family functioning 1 (3.7) 26 (96.3) 27 (100)