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Table 4 Known group validity of the DHP-18

From: Adaptation and psychometric validation of Diabetes Health Profile (DHP-18) in patients with type 2 diabetes in Quito, Ecuador: a cross-sectional study

Hypothesis Category n (%) Psychological distress Barriers to activity Disinhibited eating Global
Mean (sd) p-value Mean (sd) p-value Mean (sd) p-value Mean (sd) p-value
H1 Duration of disease    0.13   0.94   0.31   0.33
 ≤ 5 years 54 (37.0) 31.17 (25.06) 39.74 (22.05) 37.61 (22.89) 36.29 (20.11)
6–10 years 45 (30.8) 26.42 (20.86) 38.75 (14.84) 37.19 (20.46) 34.20 (14.85)
 > 10 years 47 (32.2) 22.81 (14.75) 38.45 (18.29) 31.70 (19.28) 31.36 (13.45)
H2 BMI    0.12   0.46   0.01   0.09
 < 30 kg/m2 73 (60.8) 25.19 (18.91) 38.59 (18.78) 31.85 (20.46) 32.25 (15.92.)
 ≥ 30 kg/m2 47 (39.2) 29.79 (24.06) 38.94 (18.66) 40.63 (21.58) 36.36. (17.60)
H3 Sex    0.08   0.04   0.06   0.03
Female 85 (58.2) 29.08 (20.89) 41.30 (18.17) 37.92 (21.34) 36.29 (15.99)
Male 61 (41.8) 24.13 (21.10) 35.83 (30.92) 32.31 (20.39) 30.95 (17.13)
H4 Comorbidities    0.80   0.71   0.45   0.71
No 62 (42.5) 28.76 (24.01) 40.04 (19.52) 35.34 (23.08) 34.97 (18.95)
Yes 84 (57.5) 25.73 (18.61) 38.27 (18.21) 35.75 (19.58) 33.39 (14.76)
H5 Educational level    0.85     0.75   0.89
Basic education or below 83 (56.9) 28.58 (21.97) 40.81 (17.93) 0.91 36.63 (20.98) 35.57 (31.86)
Higher education 63 (43.1) 24.96 (19.75) 36.66 (19.64.) 34.20 (21.26) 32.07 (16.06)
H6 Diabetes complications    0.29   0.03   0.10   0.07
No 115 (78.8) 26.52 (20.86) 37.49 (18.56) 34.44 (21.40) 32.99 (16.49)
Yes 31 (21.2) 28.85 (21.96) 44.67 (18.57) 39.78 (19.49) 38.04 (16.79)