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Table 1 General characteristics of the population included in the study

From: Validation of the German version of the needs assessment tool: progressive disease-heart failure

Sociodemographic characteristics n (%) or median (IQR)
Women 12 (17%)
Age 62 (54–72)
Marital status
Single 12 (17%)
Widowed 2 (3%)
Divorced 13 (19%)
Married/partnership 43 (61%)
Religion
Protestant 37 (55%)
Roman catholic 19 (28%)
Non-denominational 11 (17%)
Clinical characteristics
NYHA functional class
I 22 (31%)
II 35 (50%)
III 13 (19%)
LVEF (%) 35 (20–50)
Classification according to LVEF
HFrEF 45 (64%)
HFmrEF 3 (4%)
HFpEF 22 (32%)
ICD 38 (54%)
VAD 12 (17%)
Transplant list 9 (13%)
COPD 11 (16%)
CAD 30 (43%)
CKD 32 (46%)
Palliative care-related characteristics
Presence of caregiver 67 (95%)
Caregiver
Couple 49 (73%)
Son or daughter 6 (9%)
Sibling 4 (6%)
Parent 3 (4%)
Other 5 (8%)
Have requested referral to palliative care 0 (0.0%)
Have an advance directive 25 (36%)
  1. IQR interquartile rate, LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, HFrEF heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, HFmrEF heart failure with mildly reduced ejection fraction, HFpEF heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, ICD implantable cardioverter defibrillator, VAD ventricular assist device, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, CAD coronary artery disease, CKD chronic kidney disease