Skip to main content

Table 2 The Univariate analysis of specific quality of life and its four dimensions in T2DM patients

From: The influence of hypoglycemia on the specific quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a comparative cross-sectional study of diabetics with and without hypoglycemia in Xi’an, China

Characteristics Diabetics without hypoglycemia Diabetics with hypoglycemia
Specificity quality of life Impact on physiology Impact on psychology Impact on social relations Impact on treatment Specificity quality of life Impact on physiology Impact on psychology Impact on social relations Impact on treatment
Sex
 Male 58.07 ± 14.29 24.67 ± 7.47 20.24 ± 5.13 7.33 ± 2.43 5.83 ± 1.95 61.83 ± 15.76 26.21 ± 8.13 21.58 ± 5.60 7.51 ± 2.48 6.52 ± 2.14
 Female 55.96 ± 17.12 24.38 ± 8.80 19.03 ± 6.49 6.17 ± 2.04 5.84 ± 2.11 61.15 ± 20.00 26.91 ± 10.05 20.86 ± 7.50 6.83 ± 2.26 6.55 ± 2.37
F value 1.233 0.329 1.92 2.409 − 0.044 0.245 − 0.496 0.710 1.798 − 0.058
P value 0.219 0.743 0.056 0.017 0.965 0.807 0.621 0.479 0.074 0.953
Age
  ≤ 20 47.50 ± 7.23 19.33 ± 4.37 17.50 ± 3.56 5.67 ± 1.37 5.00 ± 1.10 45.50 ± 2.12 18.00 ± 0.00 16.50 ± 2.12 5.00 ± 1.41 6.00 ± 1.41
 21–40 48.44 ± 11.43 18.99 ± 5.28 17.28 ± 4.62 7.13 ± 2.44 5.04 ± 1.47 46.94 ± 12.53 18.00 ± 4.72 16.55 ± 5.19 7.30 ± 2.69 5.09 ± 1.57
 41–60 57.34 ± 13.64 24.64 ± 6.95 19.85 ± 5.10 7.17 ± 2.23 5.68 ± 1.79 61.95 ± 14.69 26.78 ± 7.50 21.49 ± 5.52 7.31 ± 2.20 6.37 ± 1.89
  ≥ 61 64.35 ± 17.21 28.83 ± 8.63 21.74 ± 6.57 7.09 ± 2.41 6.70 ± 2.38 68.87 ± 17.78 30.63 ± 8.89 23.60 ± 6.57 7.22 ± 2.50 7.42 ± 2.44
F value 18.869 28.439 10.012 0.812 11.980 15.269 20.969 11.014 0.596 9.549
P value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.488  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.618  < 0.001
Education background           
 Primary school or below 67.71 ± 16.27 30.03 ± 8.53 23.06 ± 6.42 7.31 ± 2.19 7.31 ± 2.72 73.60 ± 14.31 32.72 ± 7.87 25.20 ± 5.94 7.20 ± 2.22 8.48 ± 2.28
 Junior high school 61.26 ± 18.05 27.11 ± 8.65 20.49 ± 6.83 7.51 ± 2.63 6.15 ± 2.24 66.49 ± 21.34 29.26 ± 9.89 22.49 ± 7.97 7.85 ± 2.92 6.90 ± 2.48
 Senior high school 55.14 ± 13.29 23.37 ± 7.04 19.28 ± 4.98 6.89 ± 2.26 5.60 ± 1.71 58.16 ± 14.80 24.73 ± 7.85 20.44 ± 5.43 6.99 ± 2.22 6.00 ± 1.88
 Bachelor degree or above 52.51 ± 12.72 21.56 ± 6.73 18.62 ± 4.62 7.10 ± 2.11 5.24 ± 1.50 51.68 ± 12.84 20.95 ± 6.46 17.91 ± 4.60 7.18 ± 2.30 5.64 ± 1.47
F value 11.252 13.988 5.900 1.402 10.416 9.626 10.835 6.698 1.126 11.157
P value  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.001 0.242  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.340  < 0.001
Marital status           
 Unmarried 51.41 ± 12.94 20.06 ± 5.94 18.26 ± 5.14 7.59 ± 3.02 5.50 ± 1.90 53.73 ± 14.40 20.33 ± 7.01 19.67 ± 5.79 7.73 ± 2.79 6.00 ± 1.604
 Married 56.65 ± 14.71 24.34 ± 7.62 19.53 ± 5.37 7.05 ± 2.24 5.72 ± 1.93 60.40 ± 16.86 26.06 ± 8.51 20.73 ± 6.09 7.25 ± 2.38 6.37 ± 2.21
 Divorce or bereavement 68.22 ± 17.64 30.58 ± 8.74 23.50 ± 6.95 7.11 ± 2.24 7.03 ± 2.35 71.73 ± 18.58 32.12 ± 9.04 25.00 ± 7.11 6.96 ± 2.39 7.65 ± 2.37
F value 12.643 17.366 9.697 0.806 7.572 6.582 9.848 5.620 0.484 4.228
P value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.447 0.001 0.002  < 0.001 0.004 0.617 0.016
Living conditions           
 Live alone 62.94 ± 20.24 26.79 ± 10.47 21.75 ± 7.21 8.00 ± 3.16 6.40 ± 2.58 68.71 ± 21.82 29.84 ± 11.41 23.84 ± 7.76 7.90 ± 2.88 7.13 ± 2.72
 Live with spouse 56.19 ± 14.02 24.08 ± 7.16 19.36 ± 5.19 7.07 ± 2.20 5.68 ± 1.82 55.92 ± 15.22 25.24 ± 7.51 20.24 ± 5.63 7.25 ± 2.35 6.18 ± 2.05
 Live with children 61.83 ± 16.05 27.70 ± 8.26 21.50 ± 6.16 6.30 ± 1.39 6.33 ± 2.37 66.35 ± 18.78 29.65 ± 9.65 23.24 ± 7.02 6.06 ± 1.35 7.41 ± 2.24
 Other 55.09 ± 13.53 23.37 ± 7.20 19.10 ± 5.10 6.97 ± 2.11 5.65 ± 1.79 59.17 ± 15.95 25.04 ± 8.16 20.54 ± 5.89 7.23 ± 2.36 6.35 ± 2.05
F value 4.449 4.095 4.009 4.089 2.680 3.102 3.176 3.129 2.189 2.360
P value 0.004 0.007 0.008 0.007 0.047 0.028 0.026 0.027 0.091 0.073
Duration of diabetes           
  ≤ 3 51.39 ± 12.70 20.71 ± 6.35 18.36 ± 4.94 7.11 ± 2.50 5.21 ± 1.54 50.48 ± 13.42 20.50 ± 6.61 17.81 ± 5.68 6.88 ± 2.50 5.29 ± 1.38
 4–5 56.80 ± 13.41 24.58 ± 6.76 19.50 ± 4.90 7.10 ± 2.30 5.62 ± 1.81 63.78 ± 15.05 26.78 ± 7.26 22.28 ± 5.06 7.89 ± 2.63 6.83 ± 2.07
 6–10 57.95 ± 14.92 25.42 ± 7.54 19.78 ± 5.97 6.97 ± 2.18 5.79 ± 1.96 62.97 ± 17.34 27.86 ± 8.65 21.83 ± 6.71 6.81 ± 1.95 6.47 ± 2.46
 ≥ 11 63.39 ± 16.77 28.02 ± 8.55 21.54 ± 6.08 7.21 ± 2.26 6.61 ± 2.30 66.85 ± 17.65 29.52 ± 9.09 22.85 ± 6.29 7.52 ± 2.48 7.23 ± 2.28
F value 12.575 18.584 6.235 0.157 10.160 9.111 10.388 6.310 1.469 7.585
P value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.925  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.225  < 0.001
Monthly income per capita in family           
  ≤ 3000 62.27 ± 17.20 26.82 ± 8.70 21.57 ± 6.33 7.43 ± 2.50 6.46 ± 2.44 67.42 ± 17.97 29.05 ± 9.08 23.45 ± 6.52 7.45 ± 2.45 7.47 ± 2.50
 3001–5000 57.54 ± 15.36 24.78 ± 7.98 19.80 ± 5.56 7.26 ± 2.33 5.70 ± 1.76 63.78 ± 17.57 28.11 ± 9.02 21.78 ± 6.55 7.48 ± 2.47 6.41 ± 1.81
  ≥ 5001 51.34 ± 10.21 21.74 ± 5.94 17.78 ± 4.06 6.61 ± 2.01 5.22 ± 1.33 50.17 ± 9.94 20.85 ± 5.54 17.45 ± 3.98 6.70 ± 2.26 5.17 ± 1.24
F value 17.337 13.775 15.138 4.223 13.112 17.311 15.530 14.934 1.677 18.704
P value  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.015  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.190  < 0.001
Frequency of weekly exercise           
 No exercise 54.14 ± 13.87 22.55 ± 7.06 19.45 ± 5.11 6.59 ± 2.38 5.55 ± 2.23 57.52 ± 16.00 24.30 ± 7.99 20.13 ± 6.01 6.61 ± 2.39 6.48 ± 2.45
 1–2 times / week 59.70 ± 17.57 25.50 ± 9.08 20.67 ± 6.30 7.30 ± 2.46 6.22 ± 2.13 64.75 ± 20.15 27.94 ± 10.13 22.57 ± 7.12 7.32 ± 2.70 6.92 ± 2.33
 3–5 times / week 59.86 ± 16.28 25.81 ± 8.13 20.75 ± 6.02 7.06 ± 2.45 6.23 ± 2.04 66.00 ± 18.76 29.09 ± 9.46 22.91 ± 6.75 6.84 ± 2.36 7.16 ± 2.30
  Exercise every day 52.97 ± 12.60 23.77 ± 6.87 18.68 ± 4.85 7.15 ± 2.09 5.37 ± 1.68 57.86 ± 13.67 24.61 ± 7.24 19.75 ± 5.29 7.64 ± 2.13 5.86 ± 1.86
F value 3.203 2.481 3.312 1.018 5.044 2.635 2.802 2.868 1.396 3.280
P value 0.023 0.061 0.020 0.385 0.002 0.052 0.042 0.038 0.246 0.022
Frequency of hypoglycemia           
 1–2 times/6 months       55.24 ± 14.83 23.39 ± 7.61 19.07 ± 5.58 7.04 ± 2.40 5.73 ± 1.62
 3–6 times/6 months       68.41 ± 17.60 30.30 ± 9.07 23.62 ± 6.14 7.22 ± 2.39 7.27 ± 2.63
 More than 6 times/6 months       69.12 ± 17.82 29.76 ± 9.10 24.05 ± 6.64 7.71 ± 2.44 7.61 ± 2.36
F value       14.492 13.177 13.337 1.064 14.629
P value        < 0.001  < 0.001  < 0.001 0.348  < 0.001