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Table 5 Factors independently associated with quality of life

From: Relationship between symptoms and both stage of change in adopting a healthy life style and quality of life in patients with liver cirrhosis: a cross-sectional study

Factor Physical functioning Social functioning Role limitations due to physical health problems Role limitations due to emotional problems
Partial R2 β (SE) p Partial R2 β (SE) p Partial R2 β (SE) p Partial R2 β (SE) p
RUQ pain 0.28  − 3.69 (1.04)  < .0001 NS NS NS
Muscle cramps 0.12  − 4.29 (0.90)  < .0001 NS 0.24 4.32 (1.40)  < .0001 0.26 7.18 (1.44)  < .0001
Itching 0.05  − 2.28 (0.85) 0.006 NS NS NS
Ascites/edema 0.03  − 2.98 (1.13) 0.025 NS NS NS
Bruising 0.03  − 2.44 (1.01) 0.034 NS NS NS
Anorexia 0.02  − 1.67 (0.84) 0.049 0.03  − 1.58 (0.73) 0.033 0.07 4.42 (1.27) 0.004 NS
Change in appearance NS NS NS 0.26 5.25 (1.84) 0.005
Bodily pain NS 0.43  − 5.55 (0.91)  < .0001 NS NS
Being married NS NS 0.06  − 19.86 (6.76) 0.004 NS
Having a job NS 0.06 10.30 (3.42) 0.003 NS NS
Model R2 0.53    0.52    0.37    0.52   
  1. SE, standard error; RUQ, right upper quadrant; NS, not significant
  2. The model included stage of change in engaging in exercise and consumption of vegetables, sociodemographic characteristics, and all subscales of symptoms as the main independent variables. A higher score on functioning indicates better functioning, and a higher score on role limitation indicates more severe role limitations