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Table 4 Correlation between SOC in engaging in exercise and both shortness of breath and nausea/vomiting, and between SOC in consuming F&V and RUQ pain

From: Relationship between symptoms and both stage of change in adopting a healthy life style and quality of life in patients with liver cirrhosis: a cross-sectional study

Symptom n (%) Shortness of breath Nausea/vomiting n (%) RUQ pain
Mean (SD) Correlation coefficient p Mean (SD) Correlation coefficient p Mean (SD) Correlation coefficient p
SOC in engaging in exercise  
 Precontemplation 9 (9.9) 2.2 (1.9)    1.1 (1.3)     
 Contemplation 21 (23.1) 2.0 (2.5)    1.0 (1.4)     
 Preparation 35 (38.5) 1.2 (1.8)    1.0 (1.6)     
 Action 4 (4.4) 2.2 (2.1)    2.1 (2.6)     
 Maintenance 22 (24.2) 0.4 (0.8)  − 0.31 0.003 2.1 (1.7) 0.54  < .0001
SOC in engaging in consuming F&V  
 Precontemplation      0.7 (0.9)   
 Contemplation      1.4 (0.6)   
 Preparation      2.2 (1.7)   
 Action      5.0 (3.4)   
 Maintenance 7.3 (0.71) 0.78  < .0001
  1. SD, standard error; SOC, stage of change; RUQ, right upper quadrant; F&V, fruits and vegetables