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Table 1 Participants’ demographic and clinical characteristics

From: The client satisfaction with device: a Rasch validation of the Arabic version in patients with upper and lower limb amputation

  Saudi Arabia N = 90 Syrian Refugees in Turkey N = 93 Total
N = 183
Age (years mean (SD)) 34.6 (± 14) 38.4 (± 15) 36.51 (± 14)
Gender n % n % n %
Male 77 86 86 92 163 89
Female 13 14 7 8 20 11
Education n % n   n %
Uneducated 5 6 5 5 10 5
Elementary 4 4 27 29 31 17
Secondary 9 10 28 30 37 20
High school 24 27 22 24 46 25
Undergraduate 43 47 1 1 44 24
Graduate 5 6 10 11 15 8
Employment n % n % n %
Unemployed 24 27 19 20 43 23
Student 10 11 10 11 20 11
Military 6 7 0 0 6 3
Private sector 22 24 29 31 51 28
Governmental sector 19 21 10 11 29 16
Other 9 10 25 27 34 19
Cause of amputation n % n % n %
Traumatic 56 62 76 82 132 72
Non-traumatic 34 38 17 18 51 28
Duration of use n % n % n %
6 months-a year 25 28 63 68 88 48
1–5 years 32 36 30 32 62 34
5–10 years 14 16 0 0 14 8
Over 10 years 19 21 0 0 19 10
Affected region n % n % n %
Right lower limb 40 44 35 38 75 41
Left lower limb 32 36 41 44 73 40
Bilateral lower limb 12 13 4 4 16 9
Right upper limb 0 0 0 0 0 0
Left upper limb 1 1 7 8 8 4
Bilateral upper limb 5 6 6 6 11 6
Level of amputation n % n % n %
Transhumeral 5 6 4 4 9 5
Elbow disarticulation 1 1 0 0 1 1
Transradial 0 0 10 11 10 5
Transfemoral 41 46 35 38 76 42
Knee disarticulation 1 1 1 1 2 1
Transtibial 41 46 39 42 80 44
Ankle disarticulation 1 1 0 0 1 1
Chopart 0 0 4 4 4 2
Prosthesis type n % n % n %
Foot prosthesis 2 2 0 0 2 1
Standard below knee 38 42 42 45 80 44
Microprocessor knee prosthesis 25 28 2 2 27 15
Upper Limb Cosmetic prosthesis 2 2 0 0 2 1
Polycentric hydraulic knee 16 18 6 6 22 12
Rushfoot 1 1 0 0 1 1
Myoelectric Prosthesis 3 3 0 0 3 2
hybrid upper extremity prosthesis 1 1 0 0 1 1
Smart Ankle 1 1 0 0 1 1
Pneumatic knee 0 0 16 17 16 9
Harness system prosthesis 0 0 14 15 14 8
Monocentric knee 0 0 13 14 13 7