Skip to main content

Table 2 Participant demographic characteristics across the cross-validation sample and 5 sub-groups

From: Development and validation of behavioral intention measures of an E-vapor product: intention to try, use, dual use, and switch

Demographic characteristic Cross-validation sample (N = 1448) ASPQ (n = 248) ASNPQ (n = 315) EV Users (n = 283) Former Users (n = 275) Never Users (n = 327)
Gender %
 Female 55.2 56.0 61.0 58.0 49.1 52.0
 Male 44.8 44.0 39.0 42.0 50.9 48.0
Ethnicity %
 Non-Hispanic 91.8 91.5 94.3 89.4 91.6 91.7
 Hispanic 8.1 8.5 5.4 10.6 8.4 8.0
Race %
 White/Caucasian 85.8 86.3 85.1 87.6 88.0 82.6
 Black/African American 8.2 9.3 8.9 5.7 8.4 8.9
 Asian 2.4 2.0 1.6 3.9 1.5 3.1
 Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.1 0.0 0.3
 American Indian/Alaska Native 2.9 3.6 3.5 3.9 2.5 1.2
 Other 4.0 4.4 3.8 4.2 3.3 4.3
Region %
 Northeast 22.9 28.6 20.0 21.2 22.2 23.5
 Midwest 21.1 17.7 22.2 20.1 24.4 20.5
 South 32.1 29.8 37.8 31.4 29.8 30.9
 West 23.7 23.8 20.0 26.5 23.6 24.8
Age
 Mean (SD) 53.0 (14.1) 51.6 (13.5) 51.7 (12.7) 49.6 (13.5) 58.6 (14.2) 53.5 (15.2)
 Range (years) 18–88 22–83 23–85 21–77 18–88 18–86
  1. Summary of participant demographic characteristics for participants in the full cross-validation sample, as well as for the five study sub-groups. Raw percentages are reported; therefore, percentages do not always add to 100% due to missing data
  2. ASPQ, adult smoker planning to quit; ASNPQ, adult smoker not planning to quit; EV, e-vapor