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Table 3 Association of Health literacy with demographics, clinical characteristics and medication adherence in IHD patients

From: Association of health literacy and medication adherence with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with ischemic heart disease

Characteristics Health literacy Binary logistic p values
Adequate, n = 75 Inadequate, n = 176 OR (CI)
Age     
< 65 (reference) 58 128 0.8 (0.33–2.1) 0.708
> 65 17 48   
Gender     
Male 59 98 1.3 (0.54–2.9) 0.59
Female (reference) 16 78   
Area of residence     
Urban (reference) 67 154 1.18 (0.27–4.1) 0.962
Rural 8 22   
Education     
No—primary (reference) 19 160 19.3 (8.3–45.1) 0.0001**
Secondary—higher 56 16   
Employment status     
Employed 27 34 1.94 (0.82–4.6) 0.132
Unemployed (reference) 48 142   
Socioeconomic status     
Lower (reference) 8 4   
Middle 38 25 2 (0.35–11.8) 0.43
Upper 31 147 2.1 (0.83–5.3) 0.113
Time since first episode (years)     
≤ 5 (reference) 57 135 1.2 (0.58–2.3) 0.69
> 5 18 41   
History of re-vascularization     
Yes (reference) 38 43 0.28 (0.15–0.51) 0.0001**
No 37 133   
Type of ischemic condition     
Angina 17 35 1.61 (0.78–3.3) 0.198
Myocardial infarction (reference) 58 141   
No. of CVD risk factors     
0–1 (reference) 24 58 2.1 (0.81–5.78) 0.101
2 28 57 1.3 (0.48–3.6) 0.534
≥ 3 23 61   
Medication adherence     
Adherent 63 136 4.3 (1.34–13.7) 0.014*
Non-adherent (reference) 12 40   
  1. OR odds ratio, CVD cardiovascular disease, CI confidence interval
  2. *p ≤ 0.05–0.002; **≤ 0.001–0.0001