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Table 4 Diagonal reference models for the association between social mobility and poor self-rated oral health among participants in the 1970 British Cohort Study (n = 6524)

From: Intragenerational social mobility and self-rated oral health in the british cohort study

  Model 4
ORa [95% CI]
Model 5
ORa [95% CI]
Model 6
ORa [95% CI]
Model 7
ORa [95% CI]
Weightsb     
p: Origin 0.48 [0.33–0.63] 0.50 [0.35–0.64] 0.67 [0.44–0.91] 0.41 [0.19–0.62]
1-p: Destination 0.52 [0.37–0.67] 0.50 [0.36–0.65] 0.33 [0.09–0.56] 0.59 [0.38–0.81]
Diagonal intercepts (non-mobile individuals)c   
μ11: I/II 0.61 [0.55–0.68] 0.60 [0.54–0.66] 0.60 [0.54–0.66] 0.61 [0.55–0.67]
μ22: III-NM/M 0.99 [0.89–1.11] 0.99 [0.89–1.11] 0.99 [0.90–1.11] 0.99 [0.89–1.12]
μ33: IV/V 1.65 [1.45–1.88] 1.68 [1.48–1.92] 1.67 [1.48–1.90] 1.67 [1.46–1.90]
Control variables     
Gender (reference: male)    
Female 0.58 [0.52–0.66] 0.59 [0.52–0.66] 0.59 [0.52–0.66] 0.59 [0.52–0.66]
Ethnicity (reference: white)    
Non-White 1.06 [0.80–1.42] 1.06 [0.80–1.42] 1.06 [0.80–1.42] 1.06 [0.80–1.42]
Country (reference: England)    
Scotland 1.08 [0.87–1.35] 1.08 [0.87–1.35] 1.08 [0.87–1.35] 1.08 [0.87–1.35]
Wales 1.08 [0.84–1.42] 1.08 [0.83–1.42] 1.08 [0.83–1.40] 1.08 [0.84–1.42]
Residence area (reference: urban)    
Rural 0.86 [0.76–0.99] 0.87 [0.76–0.99] 0.87 [0.76–0.99] 0.86 [0.76–0.99]
Any mobility (reference: stable)    
Mobile   0.90 [0.80–1.02]   
Upward mobility (reference: no)    
Yes    0.79 [0.63–0.99]  
Downward mobility (reference: no)    
Yes     0.90 [0.71–1.13]
Model fit statistics     
AIC 6745.1 6744.5 6743.0 6746.2
BIC 6806.1 6812.3 6810.9 6814.0
  1. AIC: Akaike Information Criterion; BIC: Bayesian Information Criterion; CI: Confidence interval
  2. aDiagonal reference models were fitted with a logit link and odds ratios (ORs) were thus reported for all control variables. Model 4 did not include any indicator for social mobility (baseline for comparison); Model 5 included an indicator for any mobility (upward or downward); Model 5 included an indicator for upward mobility; and Model 6 included an indicator for downward mobility
  3. bWeights for social class of origin and destination are expressed as coefficients from 0 to 1
  4. cThese values are odds of reporting poor oral health among non-mobile adults at each social class