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Table 2 Comparison of the PCS and MCS between younger and older adults

From: The differences in health-related quality of life between younger and older adults and its associated factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Indonesia

Variables Younger adults (18–64) years Older adults (≥ 65) years t p value
(N = 435) (N = 206)
Mean (± SD) or n (%) Mean (± SD) or n (%)
PCS 49.90 ± 5.52 47.74 ± 5.48  − 4.626  < 0.001*
Physical function 83.90 ± 16.30 73.60 ± 17.10  − 7.348  < 0.001*
Bodily pain 56.30 ± 24.80 58.20 ± 21.60  − 1.114 0.266
General health 65.50 ± 10.00 64.50 ± 10.40 0.984 0.325
Role limitation due to physical problems 74.70 ± 24.10 68.90 ± 23.50  − 2.868  < 0.001*
MCS 38.16 ± 3.25 38.06 ± 3.53  − 0.320 0.749
Social function 50.70 ± 12.10 44.40 ± 12.60  − 0.659  < 0.001*
Vitality 61.50 ± 17.90 60.60 ± 16.40 0.092 0.503
Mental health 44.25 ± 15.00 43.90 ± 14.10  − 0.318 0.750
Role limitation due to emotional problems 77.20 ± 24.30 75.10 ± 25.50  − 1.013 0.318
  1. Data are expressed as mean ± standard deviation
  2. PCS physical component summary, MCS mental component summary
  3. *p < 0.05