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Table 4 The identified risk factors for mental health negative outcomes using binary and multinomial logistic regression analysis

From: Prevalence of mental health problems in frontline healthcare workers after the first outbreak of COVID-19 in China: a cross-sectional study

  Variable No. (%) Adjusted OR (95%) P value
Anxiety
Sex Male 51 (15) 1[Reference] .72
Female 109 (15) 1.049 (0.804–1.368)
Education level D/M 20 (17) 1.625 (1.050–2.516) .03
U/H 140 (14) 1 [Reference]  
Location Wuhan 58 (16) 1 [Reference]
Other cities 102 (14) 0.714 (0.530–0.962) .03
Occupation Physician 29 (14) 1 [Reference]  
Nurse 75 (13) 1.049 (0.804–1.368) .72
Other staff 56 (17) 0.890 (0.659–1.201) .79
Insomnia
Sex Male 108 (28) 1 [Reference]  
Female 238 (32) 1.547 (0.934–2.563) .09
Education level D/M 26 (23) 1.810 (0.882–3.716) .11
U/H 168 (17) 1 [Reference]  
Location Wuhan 106 (30) 1 [Reference] .94
Other cities 230 (31) 0.979 (0.585–1.638)  
Occupation Physician 68 (34) 1 [Reference]  
Nurse 165 (30) 1.237 (0.617–2·481) .55
Other staff 103 (31) 1.357 (0.776–2.372) .29
Depression
Sex Male 140 (19) 1 [Reference]  
Female 54 (15) 1.287 (0.902–1.828) .17
Education level D/M 26 (23) 0.829 (0.483–1.423) .5
U/H 168 (17) 1 [Reference]  
Location Wuhan 69 (20) 1 [Reference]  
Other cities 125 (17) 0.950 (0·649–1·391) .79
Occupation Physician 47 (23) 1 [Reference]  
Nurse 95 (17) 0.681 (0.434–1.069) ·1
Other staff 52 (16) 0.645 (0.397–1.047) 0.8
PTSD (mild)
Sex Male 24 (7) 1 [Reference]  
Female 63 (9) 0.742 (0.448–1.230) .25
Education level D/M 16 (14) 2.025 (1.013–4.050) .046
U/H 71 (7) 1 [Reference]  
Location Wuhan 34 (10) 1 [Reference] .424
Other cities 53 (7) 1.386 (0.623–3.082)  
Occupation Physician 20 (10) 1 [Reference]  
Nurse 39 (7) 0.890 (0.450–1.760) .74
Other staff 28 (8) 0.815 (0.467–1.422) .47
  1. PTSD: post traumatic stress disorder; OR: odd ratio; D/M: doctorial/master’s degree; U/H: undergraduates/high school (including special/technical secondary school) graduates