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Table 3 Severity categories of anxiety, insomnia, depression and PTSD measurements in total cohort and subgroups

From: Prevalence of mental health problems in frontline healthcare workers after the first outbreak of COVID-19 in China: a cross-sectional study

   Sex    Age      Marriage    Education    Location   
   No. (%)    No. (%)      No. (%)    No. (%)    No. (%)   
Severity Category Total, No. (%) Female Male P value  ≤ 25 26 ≤ age ≤ 35 36 ≤ age ≤ 45  ≥ 46 P value M/C S/D/W P value U/C D/M P value Wuhan Other cities P value
Anxiety
Normal 513 (47) 338 (46) 175 (49) .73 51 (48) 216 (45) 147 (49) 99 (49) .89 398 (48) 115 (45) .52 470 (48) 43 (37) .04 157 (44) 356 (48) .03
Mild 418 (38) 288 (39) 130 (37)   37 (35) 193 (40) 116 (39) 72 (35)   317 (38) 101 (40)   364 (37) 54 (46)   138 (39) 280 (38)  
Moderate 98 (9) 67 (9) 31 (9)   13 (12) 46 (10) 20 (7) 19 (9)   73 (9) 25 (10)   89 (9) 9 (8)   37 (10) 61 (8)  
Severe 62 (6) 42 (6) 20 (6)   6 (6) 26 (5) 17 (6) 13 (6)   49 (6) 13 (5)   51 (5) 11 (9)   21 (6) 41 (6)  
Insomnia
Normal 231 (21) 153 (21) 78 (22) .10 26 (24) 101 (21) 54 (18) 50 (25) .20 183 (22) 48 (19) .46 213 (22) 18 (15) .40 72 (20) 159 (22) .70
Mild 524 (48) 344 (47) 180 (51)   62 (58) 220 (46) 147 (49) 95 (47)   401 (48) 123 (48)   465 (48) 59 (50)   175 (50) 349 (47)  
Moderate 279 (26) 194 (26) 85 (24)   13 (12) 137 (28) 84 (28) 45 (22)   211 (25) 68 (27)   249 (26) 30 (26)   84 (24) 195 (26)  
Severe 57 (5) 44 (6) 13 (4)   6 (6) 23 (5) 15 (5) 13 (6)   42 (5) 15 (6)   47 (5) 10 (9)   22 (6) 35 (5)  
Depression                   
Normal 479 (44) 320 (44) 159 (45) .09 51 (48) 216 (45) 147 (49) 65 (30) .25 364 (43) 115 (45) .56 430 (44) 49 (42) .21 158 (45) 321 (44) .44
Mild 418 (38) 275 (37) 143 (40)   37 (35) 193 (40) 108 (36) 80 (39)   327 (39) 91 (36)   376 (39) 42 (36)   126 (36) 292 (40)  
Moderate 122 (11) 84 (11) 38 (11)   13 (12) 46 (10) 28 (9) 35 (17)   92 (11) 30 (12)   106 (11) 16 (14)   45 (13) 77 (10)  
Severe 72 (7) 56 (8) 16 (4)   6 (6) 26 (5) 17 (6) 23 (1)   54 (6) 18 (7)   62 (6) 10 (9)   24 (7) 48 (7)  
PTSD                   
Normal 970 (89) 650 (88) 320 (90) .47 92 (86) 433 (90) 270 (90) 175 (86) .33 746 (89) 224 (88) .68 873 (90) 97 (83) .03 303 (86) 667 (90) .03
Mild 87 (8) 63 (9) 24 (7)   10 (9) 40 (8) 21 (7) 16 (8)   65 (8) 22 (9)   71 (7) 16 (14)   34 (10) 53 (7)  
Severe 34 (3) 22 (3) 12 (3)   5 (5) 8 (2) 9 (3) 12 (6)   26 (3) 8 (3)   30 (3) 4 (3)   16 (5) 18 (2)  
Severity Category Occupation  
Physician Nurse Other staff  
No. (%) No. (%) No. (%) P value
Anxiety
Normal 89 (44) 274 (49) 150 (45) .98
Mild 84 (42) 205 (37) 129 (39)  
Moderate 17 (8) 51 (9) 30 (9)  
Severe 12 (6) 24 (4) 26 (8)  
Insomnia
Normal 41 (20) 110 (20) 80 (24) .59
Mild 93 (46) 279 (50) 152 (45)  
Moderate 52 (26) 137 (25) 90 (27)  
Severe 16 (8) 28 (5) 13 (4)  
Depression
Normal 89 (44) 250 (45) 140 (42) .24
Mild 66 (33) 209 (38) 143 (43)  
Moderate 28 (14) 62 (11) 32 (10)  
Severe 19 (9) 33 (6) 20 (6)  
PTSD
Normal 175 (87) 494 (90) 301 (90) .5
Mild 20 (10) 39 (7) 28 (8)  
Severe 7 (3) 21 (4) 6 (2)  
  1. PTSD: post traumatic stress disorder; IQR: interquartile range; M/C: married/cohabitating; S/D/W: single/divorce/widow; D/M: doctorial/master’s degree; U/H: undergraduates/high school (including special/technical secondary school) graduates