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Table 2 Anxiety, depression, and health status

From: The performance of the EQ-5D-3L in screening for anxiety and depressive symptoms in hospital and community settings

Mean ± SD or N (%) Hospital Setting (N = 493) Community Setting (N = 402)
EQ-5D-3L   
Anxiety/depression dimension (levels 2–3) 209 (42.2%) 108 (26.9%)
Index score 0.69 ± 0.21 0.77 ± 0.22
VAS 63.4 ± 18.9 71.4 ± 19.4
PHQ-9   
Total score 7.4 ± 5.8 4.0 ± 4.6
≥ 10 148 (30.0%) 49 (12.2%)
≥ 15 63 (12.8%) 14 (3.5%)
GAD-2   
Total score 1.7 ± 1.8 1.0 ± 1.6
 ≥ 3 136 (27.6%) 67 (16.7%)
Composite variable 1a   
− anxiety − depression 292 (59.4%) 310 (77.5%)
+ anxiety − depression 64 (13.0%) 23 (5.8%)
− anxiety + depression 52 (10.6%) 41 (10.3%)
+ anxiety + depression 84 (17.1%) 26 (6.5%)
Composite variable 2b   
− anxiety − moderate-severe depression 346 (70.3%) 329 (82.3%)
+ anxiety − moderate-severe depression 10 (2.0%) 4 (1.0%)
− anxiety + moderate-severe depression 83 (16.9%) 57 (14.3%)
+ anxiety + moderate-severe depression 53 (10.8%) 10 (2.5%)
  1. a− anxiety = GAD < 3, + anxiety = GAD ≥ 3, − depression = PHQ-9 < 10, + depression = PHQ-9 ≥ 10
  2. b− anxiety = GAD < 3, + anxiety = GAD ≥ 3, − moderate-severe depression = PHQ-9 < 15, + moderate-severe depression = PHQ-9 ≥ 15