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Table 2 Scores for the domain subgroups of HADS between pregnant, lactating and non-pregnant/non-lactating women

From: Sexual function, mental health, and quality of life under strain of COVID-19 pandemic in Iranian pregnant and lactating women: a comparative cross-sectional study

Variables Pregnant group (P)
N = 200
Lactating group (L)
N = 203
Non-pregnant/non-lactating (N)
N = 201
P value* Pair wise comparison
P value**
HADS
Anxiety 6.59 ± 3.64 7.07 ± 4.91 5.79 ± 3.62 < 0.001 P and N: 0.05
P and L: 0.24
L and N: <0.001
Depression 5.51 ± 3.75 4.89 ± 4.26 4.04 ± 3.33 < 0.001 P and N: > 0.001
P and L: 0.10
L and N: 0.02
Total scores 12.11 ± 6.72 11.96 ± 8.44 9.83 ± 6.28 < 0.001 P and N: <0.001
P and L: 0.83
L and N: <0.001
  1. HADS: Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
  2. * One-way ANOVA
  3. **One-way ANOVA followed by LSD Post Hoc test