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Table 5 EQ-5D-5L index population norms by age groups and gender based on the German EQ-5D-5L tariff by Ludwig et al. (2018)

From: EQ-5D-5L reference values for the German general elderly population

EQ-5D-5L index value Age Total
65–69 70–74 75–79 80 + 
Total
 N 86 78 88 38 290
 Mean 0.92 0.85 0.82 0.68 0.84
 Standard deviation 0.13 0.19 0.19 0.35 0.22
 95% CI–lower bound 0.888 0.807 0.785 0.566 0.814
 95% CI–upper bound 0.945 0.890 0.864 0.793 0.864
Men
 N 43 37 43 9 132
 Mean 0.93 0.85 0.82 0.84 0.87
 Standard deviation 0.08 0.21 0.21 0.13 0.18
 95% CI–lower bound 0.910 0.781 0.752 0.757 0.835
 95% CI–upper bound 0.958 0.921 0.881 0.931 0.898
Women
 N 43 41 45 29 158
 Mean 0.90 0.85 0.83 0.63 0.82
 Standard deviation 0.17 0.16 0.17 0.39 0.24
 95% CI–lower bound 0.847 0.796 0.783 0.486 0.779
 95% CI–upper bound 0.950 0.896 0.881 0.770 0.854