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Table 4 PedsQL scores according to gender and CHD severity

From: Psychometric validation of the French self and proxy versions of the PedsQL™ 4.0 generic health-related quality of life questionnaire for 8–12 year-old children

  Girls Boys P-value Severity class 1 Severity class 2 Severity class 3 Severity class 4 P-value Pairwise comparisonsa Trend test P-valueb
Self-reports
N 83 127   33 14 58 9    
 Physical 82.0 (16.0) 85.9 (14.2) 0.05 86.6 (11.0) 79.5 (19.0) 80.6 (15.7) 62.9 (21.5) 0.01 1, 3 > 4 0.01
 Emotion 70.0 (20.2) 75.9 (18.6) 0.03 73.5 (18.3) 58.6 (24.8) 72.6 (20.9) 72.8 (12.0) 0.16   0.84
 Social 84.1 (19.1) 85.4 (16.8) 0.69 88.8 (14.1) 73.6 (27.6) 80.5 (16.5) 71.1 (14..5) 0.01 1 > 3, 4  < 0.01
 School 75.9 (17.0) 79.3 (17.2) 0.09 79.4 (13.7) 67.1 (23.6) 72.2 (17.3) 76.1 (15.4) 0.15   0.14
 Psychosocial 76.7 (15.2) 80.1 (14.8) 0.08 80.6 (11.0) 66.4 (23.0) 74.9 (15.4) 73.3 (8.5) 0.03 1 > 2 0.10
 Total 78.5 (14.2) 82.1 (13.7) 0.03 82.7 (8.9) 71.0 (20.8) 76.9 (14.4) 69.7 (12.4) 0.04 1 > 2, 4 0.03
Proxy-reports
N 88 132   33 14 62 11    
 Physical 79.9 (20.3) 82.9 (19.9) 0.18 84.9 (18.8) 86.2 (20.2) 77.5 (19.7) 69.3 (18.9) 0.01    < 0.01
 Emotion 67.9 (18.7) 67.0 (20.4) 0.83 68.0 (20.6) 62.9 (24.5) 62.0 (21.6) 65.9 (18.0) 0.68   0.46
 Social 80.6 (17.6) 81.1 (19.1) 0.59 85.0 (21.1) 81.1 (19.1) 77.8 (17.8) 70.5 (17.0) 0.02 1 > 3, 4  < 0.01
 School 73.1 (19.1) 71.5 (18.7) 0.50 73.3 (20.4) 71.1 (22.9) 66.5 (16.7) 70.5 (21.9) 0.23   0.14
 Psychosocial 73.9 (15.0) 73.2 (15.7) 0.84 75.5 (16.8) 71.7 (19.5) 68.8 (14.8) 68.9 (14.8) 0.18   0.05
 Total 76.0 (15.3) 76.6 (15.4) 0.68 78.7 (15.8) 76.7 (17.7) 71.8 (14.7) 69.1 (14.9) 0.05 1 > 3 0.01
  1. Values are means (SD)
  2. aPairwise comparisons significantly different after Holm’s correction (P-value < 0.10) are marked in bold
  3. bSignificant comparisons with two-sided Jonckheere trend test are marked in bold.