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Table 4 Logistic regression model examining determinants of multimorbidity (≥ 2 chronic conditions)

From: Chronic conditions, multimorbidity, and quality of life among patients attending monk healers and primary care clinics in Thailand

Variable Monk healer Primary care All
AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI) AOR (95% CI)
Treatment setting  
 Health centre    1 (Reference)
 Monk healer    1.36 (1.03, 1.78)*
Age group
 19–39 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 40–54 1.03 (0.67, 1.59) 2.14 (1.12, 4.09)* 1.31 (0.93, 1.86)
 55–93 2.18 (1.27, 3.75)** 3.90 (2.04, 7.44)*** 2.62 (1.77, 3.86)***
Sex
 Female 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Male 0.90 (0.58, 1.39) 1.16 (0.77, 1.76) 1.08 (0.80, 1.44)
Formal education
 Primary or less 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Secondary 1.20 (0.74, 1.95) 0.47 (0.29, 0.75)** 0.72 (0.52, 1.00)
 Post-secondary 1.68 (1.03, 2.76)* 0.83 (0.41, 1.67) 1.27 (0.87, 1.86)
Marital status
 Single/divorced/widowed 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Married/cohabiting 0.72 (0.49, 1.05) 1.14 (0.71, 1.83) 0.85 (0.63, 1.13)
Employment status
 No 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 Yes 0.63 (0.42, 0.94)* 0.47 (0.31, 0.72)*** 0.54 (0.41, 0.73)***
In debt
 No/little 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference) 1 (Reference)
 High 1.26 (0.85, 1.89) 1.77 (1.16, 2.72)** 1.45 (1.09, 1.93)*
 Overall quality of life 0.96 (0.95, 0.97)*** 0.97 (0.96, 0.99)*** 0.96 (0.95, 0.97)***
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  2. ***p > 0.001; **p < 0.01; *p < 0.05