Skip to main content

Table 2 Prevalence of chronic conditions and morbidity

From: Chronic conditions, multimorbidity, and quality of life among patients attending monk healers and primary care clinics in Thailand

Variable Total sample (N = 1409) Monk healer (n = 686) Health center (n = 723) Chi-square
% (95% CI) % (95% CI) % (95% CI) p value
Hypertension 22.8 (20.7, 25.0) 16.0 (13.5, 19.0) 29.2 (26.0, 32.6) < 0.001
Heart attack or stroke 4.8 (3.8, 6.1) 7.3 (5.6, 9.5) 2.5 (1.6, 3.9) < 0.001
High blood cholesterol 18.0 (16.1, 20.1) 17.9 (15.2, 21.0) 18.1 (15.5, 21.1) 0.438
Diabetes 14.0 (12.3, 15.9) 10.3 (8.3, 12.9) 17.4 (14.8, 20.4) < 0.001
Emphysema/asthma 3.8 (2.9, 5.0) 5.1 (3.7, 7.0) 2.6 (1.7, 4.1) 0.006
Sore joints, e.g., arthritis, gout 9.2 (7.8, 10.9) 12.0 (9.7, 14.6) 6.6 (5.0, 8.7) < 0.001
Osteoporosis 4.1 (3.2, 5.3) 6.7 (5.1, 8.8) 1.7 (0.9, 2.9) < 0.001
Cancer or a malignancy of any kind 3.5 (2.7, 4.7) 5.7 (4.2, 7.7) 1.5 (0.8, 2.7) < 0.001
Migraine headaches 13.7 (12.0, 15.6) 15.5 (12.9, 18.4) 12.0 (9.9, 14.6) 0.067
Ulcer (a stomach, duodenal or peptic ulcer) 11.0 (9.5, 12.7) 10.8 (8.7, 13.3) 11.2 (9.1, 13.7) 0.908
Fatigue disorder 14.4 (12.7, 16.3) 13.8 (11.5, 16.6) 14.9 (12.5, 17.7) 0.689
Sleeping problem 12.2 (10.6, 14.0) 14.4 (12.0, 17.3) 10.1 (8.1, 12.5) 0.012
Common mental disorder 25.2 (23.0, 27.6) 29.2 (25.9, 32.8) 21.5 (18.6, 24.7) < 0.001
Substance use disorder 8.5 (7.0, 10.2) 11.7 (9.3, 14.5) 5.4 (3.9, 7.5) < 0.001
Pattern of morbidity
 No chronic condition 35.8 (33.3, 38.4) 30.2 (26.8, 33.8) 41.4 (37.6, 44.9) < 0.001
 One chronic condition 23.5 (21.4, 25.9) 27.4 (24.2, 31.0) 19.9 (17.1, 23.0)  
 Two chronic conditions 15.1 (13.3, 17.1) 15.0 (12.5, 17.9) 15.2 (13.0, 18.0)  
 Three chronic conditions 9.8 (8.3, 11.5) 9.5 (7.5, 12.0) 10.0 (8.0, 12.5)  
 Four or more chronic conditions 15.7 (13.9, 17.8) 17.9 (15.1, 21.0) 13.7 (11.4, 16.5)  
 Two or more chronic conditions 40.6 (38.0, 43.3) 42.4 (38.7, 46.2) 38.9 (35.3, 42.6) 0.188
  1. CI confidence interval