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Table 8 Exploratory factor analysis by varimax rotation with Kaiser’s normalization

From: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of WHOQOL-HIV Bref among people living with HIV/AIDS in Pakistan

Items Original domain Related factor loading
Fa. 1 F. 2 F. 3 F. 4 F. 5
Physical health
Bothered by HIV symptoms Phyb .926     
Pain and discomfort Phy .885     
Sleep and rest Phy .827     
Energy and fatigue Phy .617    .309  
Dependence on medical treatment Independentc .832     
Activities of daily living Independent .618     
Work capacity Independent .593     
Mobility Independent .804     
Bodily image and appearance Psychod .816     
Physical safety and security Environme .635     
Environmental domain
Home environment Environm   .603    
Accessibility of health services Environm   .763    
Transport Environm   .646   .483  
Physical environment Environm   .569    
Spirituality domain
Concerns about the future Spiritualf    .856   
Worry about death Spiritual    .809   
Forgiveness and blame Spiritual    .710   
Concentration ability Psycho    .318   
Meaningful life Spiritual    .343   
Social domain
Social support from friends Socialg     .665  
Positive feelings Psycho .555    .325  
Financial resources Environm     .681  
Information for daily living Environm     .665  
Sexual satisfaction Social .420 .430   − .355  
Social acceptance (inclusion) Social     .452  
Psychological health
Personal relationships Social   .349    .804
Self-satisfaction Psycho .445     .554
Negative feelings Psycho      .768
Participation in leisure activities Environm      .606
  1. Kaiser Kaiser–Meyer Olkin result 0.87 and Bartlett's test of sphericity result p < 0.0001
  2. aF = factor loading
  3. bPhy = physical domain
  4. cIndependent = level of independence domain
  5. dPsycho = psychological domain
  6. eEnvironm = environment domain
  7. fSpiritual = spiritual domain
  8. gSocial = social domain