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Table 2 Mean, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis of WHOQOL-HIV Bref items

From: Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of WHOQOL-HIV Bref among people living with HIV/AIDS in Pakistan

  Mean SD Skewness Kurtosis Cronbach's Alpha if Item Deleted
Overall QoL
How would you rate your QoL? 3.61 .85 − .584 − .321 0.931
How satisfied are you with your health? 3.67 .84 − .550 − .218 0.931
Physical health 15.63     
Pain and discomfort 4.14 1.02 − .913 − .409 0.930
Bothered by HIV symptoms 4.04 .95 − .946 .441 0.930
Energy and fatigue 3.49 .90 − 1.055 .803 0.931
Sleep and rest 3.95 .81 − .543 − .052 0.932
Psychological health 15.33     
Positive feelings 2.95 .74 − .094 .146 0.932
Concentration ability 2.49 .90 .016 − .778 0.933
Bodily image and appearance 3.41 .80 − .999 .390 0.931
Self-satisfaction 2.77 .85 .219 − 1.085 0.931
Negative feelings 1.21 .48 2.293 4.588 0.934
Level of independence 8.04     
Dependence on medical treatment 4.09 .93 − .749 − .378 0.930
Mobility 4.33 .98 − 1.400 1.074 0.930
Activities of daily living 3.56 .61 − .804 .031 0.931
Work capacity 3.35 .76 − .693 − .149 0.931
Social relationships 12.34     
Social acceptance (Inclusion) 1.99 .83 .598 − .119 0.935
Personal relationships 2.11 .58 − .017 − .123 0.931
Sexual satisfaction 1.98 .53 − .021 .546 0.932
Social support from friends 1.97 .62 1.141 5.398 0.934
Environmental health 9.02     
Physical safety and security 3.45 .73 − .766 − .482 0.931
Physical environment 3.52 .70 − .734 − .145 0.931
Financial resources 2.60 .87 − .026 − .709 0.931
Information for daily living 3.21 .73 − .351 .781 0.934
Participation in leisure activities 3.00 .82 .118 − .081 0.934
Home environment 2.51 .65 − .780 − .124 0.931
Accessibility of health services 3.19 .72 − .651 .288 0.932
Transport 3.21 .80 − .526 .388 0.931
Spirituality 10.27     
Meaningful life 2.88 .74 − .297 − .116 0.933
Forgiveness and blame 2.15 .92 .781 .262 0.933
Concerns about the future 2.02 .59 .314 .924 0.934
Worry about death 1.97 .79 1.000 1.876 0.935