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Table 2 Association of 3 types of health checkups with PCS or MCS scores for quality of life among public servants aged 40 to 64 years in Taiwan (N = 11,454) by using a general linear model after adjustment for covariates

From: Association of health checkups with health-related quality of life among public servants: a nationwide survey in Taiwan

Level CRUDE Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
Mean P value Mean P value Mean P value Mean P value
PCS         
 GPHC 51.54   51.46   50.31   50.03  
 SPHC 51.02   50.90   49.72   49.41  
 NOHC 51.19   50.93   49.86   49.67  
 GPHC vs. SPHC 0.52 0.002* 0.56 0.0008* 0.60 0.0003* 0.62 0.0001*
 GPHC vs. NOHC 0.35 0.06 0.53 0.004* 0.46 0.01* 0.35 0.05
 SPHC vs. NOHC -0.17 0.32 -0.03 0.84 -0.14 0.42 -0.27 0.12
MCS
 GPHC 44.08   45.14   44.43   45.03  
 SPHC 44.18   45.21   44.46   45.00  
 NOHC 43.56   44.57   43.93   44.69  
 GPHC vs. SPHC -0.10 0.65 -0.07 0.77 -0.04 0.87 0.03 0.9
 GPHC vs. NOHC 0.52 0.04* 0.57 0.02* 0.49 0.05* 0.34 0.16
 SPHC vs. NOHC 0.62 0.008* 0.64 0.006* 0.53 0.02* 0.31 0.17
  1. Crude model: only health checkup category in the model
  2. Model 1: Adjusted for gender, age, education, income, and marital status
  3. Model 2: Adjusted for gender, age, education, income, marital status, sector type, shift work, and managerial position
  4. Model 3: Adjusted for gender, age, education, income, marital status, sector type, shift work, managerial position, regular exercise, vegetables or fruit intake, and health status variable including obesity
  5. *P < .05
  6. Mean, least square mean; GPHC, government-paid health checkups; SPHC, self-paid health checkups; NOHC, no health checkups; PCS, physical component summary; MCS, mental component summary