Skip to main content

Table 3 Gender differences in association between VAS and QoL

From: Gender difference in the association between cough severity and quality of life among patients with postinfectious cough

Variables Women Men Interaction P value
Total CQLQ
 Unadjusted 2.40 (1.04, 3.76) 0.73 (− 0.32, 1.78) 1.67 (− 0.02, 3.36) 0.053
 Adjusted 2.55 (1.16, 3.95) 1.26 (0.20, 2.31) 1.80 (0.29, 3.30) 0.020
Physical complaints
 Unadjusted 0.99 (0.48, 1.50) 0.32 (− 0.07, 0.71) 0.67 (0.04, 1.30) 0.038
 Adjusted 1.12 (0.58, 1.66) 0.58 (0.21, 0.94) 0.76 (0.21, 1.30) 0.006
Functional abilities
 Unadjusted 0.59 (0.23, 0.96) 0.37 (0.11, 0.63) 0.23 (− 0.20, 0.66) 0.301
 Adjusted 0.37 (− 0.04, 0.77) 0.34 (0.05, 0.63) 0.17 (− 0.26, 0.59) 0.445
Psychosocial issues
 Unadjusted 0.66 (0.29, 1.03) 0.18 (− 0.10, 0.46) 0.48 (0.03, 0.93) 0.037
 Adjusted 0.73 (0.35, 1.11) 0.23 (− 0.06, 0.52) 0.42 (0.01, 0.84) 0.045
Emotional well-being
 Unadjusted  − 0.02 (− 0.32, 0.28) 0.02 (− 0.21, 0.25)  − 0.04 (− 0.41, 0.33) 0.839
 Adjusted  − 0.12 (− 0.47, 0.23) 0.04 (− 0.21, 0.29)  − 0.00 (− 0.37, 0.36) 0.985
Extreme physical complaints
 Unadjusted 0.19 (− 0.04, 0.42) 0.03 (− 0.18, 0.24) 0.16 (− 0.16, 0.47) 0.322
 Adjusted 0.24 (− 0.01, 0.50) 0.14 (− 0.08, 0.36) 0.20 (− 0.10, 0.50) 0.185
Personal safety fears
 Unadjusted 0.02 (− 0.28, 0.32)  − 0.23 (− 0.47, 0.01) 0.25 (− 0.12, 0.63) 0.185
 Adjusted 0.18 (− 0.14, 0.50)  − 0.12 (− 0.35, 0.11) 0.36 (0.03, 0.69) 0.034