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Table 1 Characteristics of women and men with postinfectious cough

From: Gender difference in the association between cough severity and quality of life among patients with postinfectious cough

Variables Overall
(n = 180)
Women
(n = 104)
Men
(n = 76)
P value
Age (years), mean ± SD 44.3 ± 12.6 45.0 ± 12.1 43.3 ± 13.2 0.385
Body mass index (kg/m2), mean ± SD 23.4 ± 3.1 23.1 ± 3.0 23.8 ± 3.2 0.131
Married, n (%) 157 (87.2) 91 (87.5) 66 (86.8) 0.896
Medication use for previous PIC, n (%) 27 (15) 20 (19.2) 7 (9.2) 0.063
Ever previously diagnosed with PIC, n (%) 29 (16.1) 17 (16.3) 12 (15.8) 0.920
Cough duration (days), mean ± SD 31.2 ± 9.0 32.6 ± 9.7 29.3 ± 7.5 0.035
Cough symptom score, median (IQR)
Daytime 2 (2, 2) 2 (2, 2) 2 (2, 2) 0.379
Nighttime 2 (1, 2) 2 (1, 2) 2 (1, 2) 0.220
Cough VAS, median (IQR) 6 (5, 7) 6 (5, 7) 6 (5, 7) 0.060
CQLQ, mean ± SD
Total 64.5 ± 7.9 65.4 ± 7.4 63.3 ± 8.3 0.077
Physical complaints 21.5 ± 3.0 21.8 ± 2.8 21.1 ± 3.2 0.160
 Psychosocial issues 12.8 ± 2.1 12.9 ± 2.0 12.8 ± 2.3 0.723
 Functional abilities 11.1 ± 2.0 11.2 ± 1.9 11.0 ± 2.2 0.527
 Emotional well-being 7.2 ± 1.6 7.3 ± 1.6 7.0 ± 1.7 0.218
 Extreme physical complaints 8.6 ± 1.5 9.0 ± 1.5 8.1 ± 1.3  < 0.001
 Personal safety fears 6.9 ± 1.7 7.0 ± 1.7 6.8 ± 1.7 0.562
  1. CQLQ cough specific QoL questionnaire, IQR interquartile range, PIC postinfectious cough, VAS visual analogue scale