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Table 4 Mean Scores for University of Washington Quality of Life Questionnaire Domains (n = 95)

From: Quality of life after total laryngectomy: impact of different vocal rehabilitation methods in a middle income country

VariablesPainp valueAppearancep valueActivityp valueRecreationp valueSwallowingp valueChewingp valueSpeechp valueShoulderp valueTastep valueSalivaP valueMoodP valueAnxietyP valueComposite ScoreP value
Sex
 Male88,080,90580,810,36582,560,90081,690,22282,300,57184,500,62160,950,83385,710,16480,270,90376,400,87483,140,003*86,510,28380,830,295
 Female88,8975,0083,3372,2277,8988,8959,4474,1181,4477,8958,3377,7876,33
Age, y
 ≤ 6086,590,49176,220,05982,320,88081,710,72582,220,89883,340,59864,320,14281,370,24881,340,76771,610,11781,100,91683,000,32779,42 
 > 6089,3583,3382,8780,0981,6386,1158,1587,0779,6580,2880,5687,7281,15
0,498
Education,y
 1–789,800,56380,100,82982,650,72578,570,25278,350,07783,670,64860,710,77383,040,47780,98100076,220,99578,570,49885,080,88379,670,430
 ≥ 887,5080,9583,9383,9386,6486,1261,9586,5780,9876,2682,1485,8181,68
Ethnic Group
 White (caucasian)90,73AM81,05AM84,680,24483,470,12881,320,59785,760,60163,030,23083,940,66582,270,51175,820,82782,260,25585,550,93881,520,289
 Others84,4879,3180,1775,8682,1882,7657,5586,2478,2177,1475,8685,1478,63
Marital Status
 Married87,690,37580,970,68580,970,033*81,340,83181,720,74583,090,28359,820,25184,630,97778,640,17473,670,12378,730,34384,640,60079,420,120
 Single91,6779,1789,5880,2183,4689,5865,3884,7987,5083,4284,3887,5883,89
T Stage
 III89,710,56180,880,80682,420,57379,410,65186,380,13988,240,34063,820,28187,260,41983,380,42781,410,18483,090,49988,290,41482,500,214
 IV87,3079,9287,5081,5679,3883,0759,1383,1378,7073,8279,5184,2379,24
Tumor Site
 Larynx88,740,16379,670,13182,350,90980,220,23181,810,88284,800,83560,550,55185,400,12580,620,69076,230,59680,490,58085,420,59480,300,705
 Larynx and Hypopharynx75,0093,7582,7993,7583,5087,5066,7566,7575,0083,5087,5091,7582,68
Time since TL, y
 ≤ 284,480,34978,230,45078,230,08878,230,43384,000,51981,190,31852,710,006*80,740,27178,550,65274,260,56478,230,48279,680,07877,210,076
 > 289,4581,2584,7782,0380,8686,7264,7386,4881,2777,6482,0388,5981,95
Surgery
 TL + ND88,350,72979,550,17482,390,63179,260,016*81,940,92784,850,93159,950,14583,760,21879,950,59475,420,14880,400,58584,920,25679,830,104
 TL + ND + PH85,7189,2985,71100,081,1485,7171,5795,2985,7190,5785,7195,2987,64
Radiation
 No93,750,55575,000,55781,250,87375,000,59491,750,36487,500,83566,750,551100,00,18791,750,398100,00,07262,500,12975,000,34883,350,624
 Yes87,9180,4982,6981,0481,4584,8060,5583,9379,8875,5181.5986,1580,28
Speech Therapy
 Esophageal Speech85,230,72275,000,29685,230,20385,230,25677,410,45687,140,16645,32< 0,001*89,410,25674,230,42174,270,18079,550,94375,820,06877,410,081
 Artificial Larynx89,0681,2578,1375,7881,3478,1256,3879,2280,2570,8780,4789,6978,38
 Tracheoesophageal Speech89,0282,3284,7682,3284,7189,0272,5986,2483,7882,1780,7187,8583,60
Voice Emission
 No83,930,37673,210,11787,500,26278,570,68569,210,01976,210,16235,43< 0,001*90,570,31166,640,04171,500,44673,210,21469,140,003*72,320,007*
 Yes88,8981,4881,7981,1784,0786,4265,2083,5882,7577,4182,1088,4581,80
  1. TL Total Laryngectomy, ND Neck Dissection, PH Pharyngectomy
  2. Values with statistical significance p < 0,05; Values in bold represent clinical significance