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Table 7 Confirmatory Factorial Analysis (CFA) in Three-factor model

From: Psychometric properties of the Malay version of the Diabetes Empowerment Scale among Hospital Serdang type 2 diabetes mellitus patients using exploratory factor analysis

Domain Item Outer loading Cronbach’s Alpha Composite Reliability Average Variance Extracted (AVE)
Initial model Modified model
Setting and achieving diabetes D5 0.49 Deleted 0.805 0.861 0.508
D6 0.512 Deleted    
D10 0.524 Deleted    
D11 0.529 Deleted    
D13 0.59 0.689    
D14 0.608 0.648    
D7 0.678 0.691    
D12 0.717 0.761    
D8 0.723 0.718    
D9 0.763 0.763    
Assessing dissatisfaction and readiness to change D4 0.021 Deleted 0.681 0.806 0.513
D2 0.093 Deleted    
D3 0.312 Deleted    
D17 0.42 Deleted    
D19 0.523 Deleted    
DES1 0.593 0.576    
D28 0.617 0.709    
D15 0.754 0.778    
D16 0.754 0.783    
Managing the psychosocial D26 0.532 Deleted 0.806 0.862 0.513
D21 0.534 Deleted    
D22 0.548 Deleted    
D18 0.555 0.597    
D20 0.646 0.684    
D27 0.658 0.635    
D24 0.711 0.743    
D23 0.739 0.786    
D25 0.758 0.825