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Table 5 Reduction in HRQOL sub-scales explained by the direct (pain intensity) and indirect (self-efficacy) effects presented as percentage (%)

From: Health-related quality of life in adolescents with persistent pain and the mediating role of self-efficacy: a cross-sectional study

HRQOL sub-scales:Direct effect (%)Indirect
effect (%)
Physical well-being32.867.2*
Psychological well-being70.329.7*
Mood60.539.5*
Self-perception55.844.2*
Autonomy56.543.5*
Relationship with parents74.625.4
Financial relationship86.213.8
Social support85.714.3
School environment70.429.6*
Bullying
  1. p < 0.05*