Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics of the participants: pain, self-efficacy and HRQOL sub-scale scores

From: Health-related quality of life in adolescents with persistent pain and the mediating role of self-efficacy: a cross-sectional study

Study variable All (n = 78)
mean (SD)
Girls (n = 62)
mean (SD)
Boys (n = 16)
mean (SD)
Pain intensity 5.42 (1.88) 5.74 (1.75) 4.19 (1.90)
Self-efficacy 13.54 (3.30) 13.21 (3.29) 14.81 (3.17)
KIDSCREEN subscale
 Physical well-being 45.19 (20.99) 41.37 (18.56) 60.00 (23.80)
 Psychological well-being 56.09 (22.23) 53.02 (21.93) 67.97 (19.76)
 Mood 58.74 (21.56) 54.90 (21.29) 73.66 (15.64)
 Self-perception 45.71 (23.16) 43.06 (22.96) 55.94 (21.62)
 Autonomy 59.23 (18.90) 55.73 (18.64) 72.81 (13.16)
 Relationship with parents 65.01 (24.41) 64.38 (24.80) 67.45 (23.43)
 Financial resources 70.61 (26.85) 71.24 (27.23) 68.23 (26.03)
 Social support 60.52 (20.60) 58.67 (20.83) 67.71 (18.54)
 School environment 54.75 (20.03) 52.02 (18.32) 65.36 (23.31)
 Bullying 91.03 (13.34) 90.99 (14.02) 91.15 (10.74)