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Table 2 Means, standard deviation, range and zero-order correlations (Pearson’s r) among study variables

From: Effects of social support, hope and resilience on depressive symptoms within 18 months after diagnosis of prostate cancer

Variables CES-D scores ≥ 16 Mean ± SD Range 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
1. CES-D 372(65.9%) 23.72 ± 9.24 0–44 1 − 0.398** − 0.364** − 0.404** − 0.337** − 0.424** − 0.447**
2. Total-MSPSS   58.07 ± 16.25 20–84   1 0.959** 0.961** 0.923** 0.467** 0.503**
3. MSPSS-others   19.58 ± 6.02 4–28    1 0.912** 0.834** 0.442** 0.484**
4. MSPSS-family   20.37 ± 6.62 6–28     1 0.834** 0.475** 0.493**
5. MSPSS-friend   19.05 ± 5.74 6–28      1 0.483** 0.465**
6. AHS   21.74 ± 4.21 8–32       1 0.546**
7.RS-14   65.58 ± 17.03 14–98        1
  1. SD standard deviation, CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, MSPSS Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support, AHS Adult Hope Scale, RS-14 14-items version of Resilience Scale
  2. **Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (two-tailed)