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Table 1 CES-D scores in demographic and clinical variables (N = 564)

From: Effects of social support, hope and resilience on depressive symptoms within 18 months after diagnosis of prostate cancer

  N (%) CES-D t/F value p-value
Demographic variables     
Age    0.482 0.547
  ≤ 55 227 (40.2) 22.53 ± 9.54   
 56–65 193 (34.2) 23.77 ± 8.34   
  ≥ 66 144 (25.6) 23.32 ± 9.86   
Marital status    0.574 0.532
 Married/living with a partner 495 (87.8) 23.07 ± 9.16   
 Single/widowed/divorced 69 (12.2) 23.89 ± 9.50   
Education    8.903  < 0.001
 Middle school or below 265 (46.9) 24.29 ± 9.12b   
 High school 144 (25.5) 24.37 ± 8.16b   
 Junior college or above 156 (27.6) 20.48 ± 9.32a   
Clinical variables     
Time since diagnosis    3.021 0.025
  ≤ 3 143 (25.3) 25.09 ± 8.36a   
 4–6 139 (24.6) 23.35 ± 9.02   
 7–12 194 (34.4) 22.14 ± 10.09b   
 13–18 88 (15.6) 22.51 ± 8.84   
Cancer stage    − 2.245 0.007
 I 298 (52.8) 22.31 ± 9.41a   
 II 266 (47.2) 24.47 ± 8.82b   
Treatment type    − 1.207 0.214
 No treatment 5 (0.8)   
 Surgery 290 (51.4) 22.97 ± 9.36   
 Combined treatmentc 269 (47.7) 23.54 ± 8.28   
 Chemotherapy 2 (0.2)   
  1. CES-D Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale
  2. a,bCalculated by least-significant-difference (LSD), mean scores for depression with unequal superscripts differ significantly at the p < 0.05 level
  3. cCombined treatment included surgery and other treatments (radiation and/or endocrinotherapy)