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Table 1 Characteristics of 1013 bilingual participants

From: The English and Chinese language versions of the Short Form 12-item Health Survey are equivalent

  English (n = 496) Chinese (n = 517) p value
N (%) or mean ± SD N (%) or mean ± SD
Age (years) 21.9 ± 5.9 21.8 ± 5.4 0.869
Gender (1 missing)    0.690
 Male 186 (37.5%) 200 (38.8%)  
 Female 310 (62.5%) 316 (61.2%)
Marital status (1 missing)   0.968
 Single 461 (92.9%) 482 (93.4%)  
 Cohabit 2 (0.4%) 2 (0.4%)
 Married 31 (6.3%) 31 (6.0%)
 Widow 1 (0.2%) 1 (0.2%)
 Divorced 1 (0.2%) 0 (0%)
Employment (1 missing)   
 Student 410 (82.8%) 432 (83.6%) 0.337
 Full-time work 72 (14.5%) 80 (15.5%)
 Part-time work 6 (1.2%) 1 (0.2%)
 Job seeking 5 (1.0%) 3 (0.6%)
 Retired 2 (0.4%) 1 (0.2%)
Medical history (5 missing)   
 No 438 (88.8%) 436 (84.7%) 0.314
 Yesa 55 (11.2%) 79 (15.3%)
SF-12v2
 PF (2 missing) 87.6 ± 22.3 93.5 ± 15.8 < 0.001
 RP (1 missing) 75.1 ± 22.3 78.0 ± 21.9 0.037
 BP (1 missing) 79.0 ± 24.5 76.2 ± 21.8 0.056
 GH (1 missing) 58.5 ± 23.6 57.6 ± 25.1 0.600
 VT (1 missing) 53.0 ± 21.4 51.5 ± 23.7 0.297
 SF (1 missing) 70.6 ± 23.0 81.0 ± 20.2 < 0.001
 RE (2 missing) 68.4 ± 23.4 64.5 ± 23.8 0.008
 MH (0 missing) 61.8 ± 17.5 62.8 ± 18.3 0.378
 PCS (9 missing) 50.9 ± 6.9 51.8 ± 6.4 0.030
 MCS (9 missing) 42.8 ± 9.4 42.8 ± 9.7 0.982
  1. PF physical function, RP role physical, BP bodily pain, GH general health, VT vitality, SF social function, RE role emotion, MH mental health, PCS physical component score, MCS mental component score
  2. aDiabetes Mellitus, Gastrointestinal diseases, Heart diseases, Hypertension, Kidney or renal diseases, Liver diseases, Respiratory diseases, Stoke, others