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Table 2 Distribution of EQ-5D-3L responses by population and source of survey

From: EQ-5D-3L health state utility values in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients in Malaysia: a cross-sectional assessment

Dimension By population category By source of survey
Pediatric (n = 364) Adult
(n = 221)
p value Self-report (n = 332) Proxy-report (n = 253) p value
Mobility       
 Level 1 351 (96.4) 201 (91.0)   306 (92.2) 246 (97.2)  
 Level 2 11 (3.0) 20 (9.1)   25 (7.5) 6 (2.4)  
 Level 3 2 (0.6) 0 (0)   1 (0.3) 1 (0.4)  
 Any problem in mobility (%) 13 (3.6) 20 (9.1) 0.005* 26 (7.8) 7 (2.8) 0.009*
Self-care       
 Level 1 344 (94.5) 217 (98.2)   325 (97.9) 236 (93.3)  
 Level 2 14 (3.9) 4 (1.8)   7 (2.1) 11 (4.4)  
 Level 3 6 (1.7) 0 (0)   0 (0) 6 (2.4)  
 Any problem in self-care (%) 20 (5.5) 4 (1.8) 0.029* 7 (2.1) 17 (6.7) 0.005*
Usual activities       
 Level 1 338 (92.9) 200 (90.5)   306 (92.2) 232 (91.7)  
 Level 2 20 (5.5) 18 (8.1)   23 (6.9) 15 (5.9)  
 Level 3 6 (1.7) 3 (1.4)   3 (0.9) 6 (2.4)  
 Any problem in usual activity (%) 26 (7.1) 21 (9.5) 0.309 26 (7.8) 21 (8.3) 0.836
Pain/discomfort       
 Level 1 297 (81.6) 170 (76.9)   260 (78.3) 207 (81.8)  
 Level 2 67 (18.4) 51 (23.1)   72 (21.7) 46 (18.2)  
 Level 3 0 (0) 0 (0)   0 (0) 0 (0)  
 Any problem in pain/discomfort (%) 67 (18.4) 51 (23.1) 0.172 72 (21.7) 46 (18.2) 0.295
Anxiety/depression       
 Level 1 321 (88.2) 185 (83.7)   278 (83.7) 228 (90.1)  
 Level 2 41 (11.3) 36 (16.3)   53 (16.0) 24 (9.5)  
 Level 3 2 (0.6) 0 (0)   1 (0.3) 1 (0.4)  
 Any problem in anxiety/depression (%) 43 (11.8) 36 (16.3) 0.125 54 (16.3) 25 (9.9) 0.025*
  1. Values of scores are presented as n (%), number (percentage)
  2. p value using Chi-square test
  3. *indicates significance at p value < 0.05