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Table 4 Confirmatory factor analyses of the Hausa Pain Catastrophizing Scale models (n = 200)

From: Development of the Hausa version of the Pain Catastrophizing Scale: translation, cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric evaluation in mixed urban and rural patients with chronic low back pain

Model and modifications Confirmatory factor analysis
χ2 (df) χ2/df CFI TLI SRMR RMSEA (95%CI)
1. One-factor structure
 (a) No modifications 194.9 (65) 3.00 0.796 0.755 0.083 0.100 (0.084–0.117)
 (b) With modifications 116.5 (60) 1.94 0.911 0.884 0.065 0.069 (0.050–0.087)
2. Two-factor structure
 (a) No modifications 166.9 (64) 2.60 0.838 0.803 0.080 0.090 (0.073–0.107)
 (b) With modifications 111.5 (60) 1.85 0.919 0.895 0.066 0.066 (0.046–0.084)
3. Three-factor structure
 (a) No modifications 132.4 (62) 2.13 0.889 0.861 0.724 0.076 (0.058–0.093)
 (b) With modifications 86.8 (57) 1.52 0.953 0.936 0.056 0.051 (0.028–0.072)
  1. χ2 chi-square, df degrees of freedom, CFI comparative fit index, TLI Tucker–Lewis index, SRMR standardized root mean square residual, RMSEA root mean square error of approximation, CI confidence interval