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Table 2 Comparison of EQ-5D-3L dimension scores at pre- and during-pandemic visits

From: Impact of COVID-19 on health-related quality of life in patients with cardiovascular disease: a multi-ethnic Asian study

Dimension Pre-pandemic During pandemic p value
Mobility    
 Mean score (SD) 1.099 (0.30) 1.099 (0.30)  
 Mean change (95% CI) 0.000 (− 0.078, 0.078)  > 0.999
 Standardized effect size 0.000  
Self-care    
 Mean score (SD) 1.025 (0.16) 1.012 (0.11)  
 Mean change (95% CI) − 0.012 (− 0.055, 0.030) 0.567  
 Standardized effect size 0.075  
Usual activities    
 Mean score (SD) 1.111 (0.32) 1.086 (0.28)  
 Mean change (95% CI) − 0.025 (− 0.110, 0.061) 0.567
 Standardized effect size 0.078  
Pain/discomfort    
 Mean score (SD) 1.235 (0.43) 1.222 (0.45)  
 Mean change score (95% CI) − 0.012 (− 0.126, 0.101) 0.829
 Standardized effect size 0.028  
Anxiety/depression    
 Mean score (SD) 1.123 (0.33) 1.247 (0.46)  
 Mean change (95% CI) 0.123 (0.028, 0.218) 0.012
 Standardized effect size 0.373  
  1. Dimension score was compared between two visits using the paired t-test
  2. EQ-5D-3L 3-level EQ-5D, SD standard deviation, CI confidence interval