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Table 1 Coefficients of the optimal models for the United Kingdom, France, and Germany

From: Predicting EQ-5D-5L crosswalk from the PROMIS-29 profile for the United Kingdom, France, and Germany

  UK France Germany
Regression coefficient Standardized regression coefficient SE Regression coefficient Standardized regression coefficient SE Regression coefficient Standardized regression coefficient SE
Constant 2.288E−0   7.874E−1 2.910E−0   5.665E−1  − 1.181E−0   3.047E−1
Age 9.590E−4 0.069 2.032E−4  − 1.372E−3  − 0.107 1.903E−4    
Anxiety 1.120E−2 0.499 2.951E−3       
Pain interference  − 1.773E−1  − 7.479 4.27E−2       
Physical function 5.354E−2 1.881 5.24E−3  − 3.027E−1  − 9.807 3.202E−2    
Depression        7.425E−3 0.404 1.664E−3
Participation 1.334E−2 0.573 4.027E−3 9.415E−2 3.719 2.660E−2 8.834E−2 4.915 1.963E−2
Anxietya  − 1.227E−4  − 0.604 2.758E−5       
Pain interferencea 3.042E−3 13.970 7.651E−4 2.122E−4 0.900 4.059E−5    
Physical functiona  − 4.853E−4  − 1.566 5.544E−5 7.506E−3 22.864 7.839E−4 5.596E−4 2.581 6.114E−5
Sleep disturbancea      − 2.390E−5  − 0.088 4.542E−6  − 1.763E−5  − 0.097 3.415E−6
Participationa  − 1.061E−4  − 0.460 3.785E−5  − 1.706E−3  − 7.104 5.465E−4  − 1.733E−3  − 9.850 4.073E−4
Anxietyb         − 1.480E−7  − 0.070 5.293E−8
Depressionb  − 3.453E−7  − 0.145 5.665E−8  − 3.487E−7  − 0.121 5.494E−8  − 8.951E−7  − 0.421 1.991E−7
Fatigueb      − 2.456E−7  − 0.088 5.782E−8    
Pain interferenceb  − 1.769E−5  − 6.852 4.460E−6  − 3.697E−6  − 1.270 5.046E−7  − 7.808E−7  − 0.421 4.198E−8
Sleep disturbanceb  − 1.860E−7  − 0.059 5.000E−8       
Physical functionb      − 5.805E−5  − 12.841 6.167E−6  − 6.865E−6  − 2.300 8.279E−7
Participationb     1.026E−5 3.471 3.670E−6 1.113E−5 4.998 2.763E−6
  1. Coefficients are displayed as negative exponentials with four digits, beginning with the first non-zero digit of the coefficient. HSU is expressed on a scale ranging from − 0.594 (UK), − 0.53 (France), and − 0.205 (Germany) to 1, and the PROMIS domains are expressed as T-scores (M = 50). All the coefficients displayed differ significantly from zero at p < 0.01