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Table 3 Strength of perceived changes within different sub-groups

From: Perceived changes of specific attitudes, perceptions and behaviors during the Corona pandemic and their relation to wellbeing

   Perceived changes
Nature/Silence/Contemplation Spirituality Relationships Reflection on life Digital media usage Restrictions
   60.28 47.66 65.74 55.06 57.99 42.54
   20.50 25.95 18.26 25.42 23.57 27.40
Gender        
Female Mean 62.15 48.92 66.65 57.07 58.32 42.45
  SD 20.79 26.07 18.29 25.27 24.38 27.58
Male Mean 56.55 45.20 63.86 50.93 57.30 42.57
  SD 19.41 25.57 18.10 25.28 21.93 26.86
F value   20.26 5.51 6.23 15.71 0.49 0.01
p value   < .0001 .019 .013 < .0001 n.s n.s
Age cohorts        
< 30 years Mean 54.27 30.35 63.70 52.59 57.50 51.99
  SD 19.37 24.50 16.79 25.00 23.64 27.65
30–40 years Mean 52.29 35.93 61.60 45.20 57.82 43.29
  SD 20.97 27.10 19.20 26.60 21.69 27.51
41–50 years Mean 57.98 46.89 64.13 51.04 57.41 44.26
  SD 21.09 25.27 18.02 26.15 24.24 28.81
51–60 years Mean 61.92 51.71 66.97 55.65 57.70 40.64
  SD 20.19 22.60 18.34 24.47 24.02 25.68
61–70 years Mean 63.70 51.89 66.26 58.43 57.93 40.36
  SD 18.85 22.92 17.64 23.79 22.18 28.34
> 70 years Mean 70.54 65.14 72.28 70.54 60.82 33.96
  SD 17.80 26.43 18.62 22.20 26.09 23.78
F value   14.93 35.84 5.18 14.51 0.33 6.51
p value   < .0001 < .0001 < .0001 < .0001 n.s < .0001
Religious        
Living in Monastery Mean 65.52 63.37 66.86 60.68 61.49 35.62
  SD 21.09 21.41 18.63 25.30 25.84 25.89
All other Mean 59.51 45.36 65.58 54.25 57.50 43.52
  SD 20.31 25.77 18.21 25.34 23.20 27.48
F value   11.73 68.74 0.65 8.60 3.76 11.07
p value   .001 < .0001 n.s .003 .053 .001
Faith as a strong hold        
Does not apply Mean 52.72 19.50 60.02 46.94 54.22 43.82
  SD 22.37 22.88 20.20 28.18 24.03 28.44
Partly Mean 58.30 44.05 65.01 55.68 56.95 47.32
  SD 18.76 19.22 16.00 23.82 22.11 26.86
Applies Mean 64.45 60.91 68.62 58.24 60.28 39.81
  SD 19.63 19.77 17.79 24.31 24.04 26.84
F value   33.13 377.52 21.22 18.40 6.46 8.43
p value   < .0001 < .0001 < .0001 < .0001 .002 < .0001
Wellbeing (WHO-5)        
Scores < 13 Mean 55.42 45.05 63.26 60.41 56.80 57.50
  SD 19.51 24.72 16.68 24.56 23.09 27.04
Scores 13–18 Mean 59.16 46.36 65.56 53.08 58.08 41.14
  SD 19.70 25.30 18.32 25.22 22.69 25.12
Scores > 18 Mean 66.08 51.67 68.38 52.66 59.06 30.06
  SD 20.97 27.38 19.16 25.76 25.09 23.64
F value   26.90 6.96 7.32 11.19 0.84 108.68
p value   < .0001 .001 .001 < .0001 n.s < .0001
  1. Differences p < 0.01 are highlighted (bold)