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Table 1 CHD children’ medical characteristics

From: Health-related quality of life in children with congenital heart disease aged 5 to 7 years: a multicentre controlled cross-sectional study

Variables    N (%)
ACC-CHD classification 1 Heterotaxy 2 (2)
  2 Anomalies of venous return 5 (4)
  3 Anomalies of the atria and interatrial communications 16 (13)
  4 Anomalies of the atrioventricular junctions and valves 6 (5)
  5 Complex anomalies of the atrioventricular connections 2 (2)
  6 Functionally univentricular hearts 3 (2)
  7 Ventricular septal defects (VSD) 32 (26)
  8.1 Transposition of the great arteries 7 (6)
  8.3 Tetralogy of fallot 12 (10)
  8.4 Anomalies of the intra-pericardial arterial trunks 3 (2)
  8.5 Aortic valve stenosis. Shone syndrome 14 (11)
  8.6 Pulmonary valve stenosis 8 (6)
  9 Anomalies of the extra-pericardial arterial trunks 11 (9)
  10 Congenital anomalies of the coronary arteries 3 (2)
Bethesda severity classification Low 58 (47)
  Moderate 49 (40)
  Severe 17 (13)
Ross classification Ross class I 112 (91)
  Ross class II 11 (9)
  Ross class III 0 (0)
  Ross class IV 0 (0)
Prognostic classification Level 1 3 (2)
  Level 2 59 (48)
  Level 3 24 (19)
  Level 4 28 (23)
  Level 5 8 (6)
  Level 6 2 (2)
  Level 7 0 (0)
Age at CHD diagnosis Prenatal 36 (32)
  Postnatal 75 (68)
Cardiac surgery Yes 58 (47)
  No 65 (52)
Number of cardiac surgical procedures 1 47 (81)
  2 9 (16)
   ≥ 3 2 (3)
Cardiac catheter Yes 29 (24)
  No 94 (76)
Number of cardiac catheter procedures 1 25 (86)
  2 4 (14)
Cardiac device Pacemaker or implantable defibrillator 1 (1)
  Mechanical valve 0 (0)
Cardiac treatment Yes 16 (13)
  No 108 (87)
Pulmonary arterial hypertension Yes 4 (3)
  No 119 (97)
Right ventricular hypertension Yes 2 (2)
  No 121 (98)
Normal left ventricle ejection fraction Yes 95 (93)
  No 7 (7)
  1. Values are N (%)
  2. ACC-CHD anatomic and clinical classification of congenital heart disease, CHD congenital heart disease