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Table 1 Relationship between HRQL and some of demographic characteristics among participants

From: Impact of health literacy and self-care behaviors on health-related quality of life in Iranians with type 2 diabetes: a cross-sectional study

Variables F (%) PH* p value MH* p value SR * p value EH* p value
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Age groups (years)**
 50 >  53 (27.6) 51.54 (13.02) 0.037 50.20 (10.54) 0.082 51.90 (16.91) 0.016 51.64 (14.07) 0.011
 50 ≤  139 (72.4) 47.17 (13.44) 46.80 (12.02) 47.15 (6.55) 45.65 (14.16)
Gender**
 Male 106 (55.2) 48.83 (13.72) 0.624 47.68 (11.75) 0.984 48.69 (17.99) 0.443 48.01 (14.78) 0.487
 Female 86 (44.8) 47.82 (13.12) 47.81 (11.70) 48.13 (15.17) 46.45 (13.85)
Job#
 Employed 77 (40.1) 50.24 (13.91) 0.067 49.83 (11.56) 0.030 50.43 (16.96) 0.025 50.41 (14.15) 0.009
 Unemployed 38 (19.8) 44.13 (13.25) 43.42 (11.44) 41.76 (19.45) 41.94 (16.10)
 Housewife 77 (40.1) 48.61 (12.72) 47.79 (11.53) 49.77 (14.30) 46.84 (12.94)
Marital status**
 Married 158 (82.3) 49.01 (13.57) 0.206 48.41 (11.41) 0.059 49.34 (16.49) 0.088 48.06 (13.91) 0.086
 Unmarried 34 (17.7) 45.47 (12.56) 44.61 (12.66) 44.29 (17.51) 43.76 (15.99)
  1. *PH, physical health; MH, mental health; SH, social relationships; EH, environmental health
  2. **p value based t-independent exam
  3. #p value based one-way ANOVA exam