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Table 3 Life satisfaction (G-SLS) as a function of times of experienced unemployment between 1996 and 2015

From: The long-lasting impact of unemployment on life satisfaction: results of a longitudinal study over 20 years in East Germany

  Times of unemployment
Total Several One time None H(2) ES η2 p value
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
(N)   (n) (n) (n)
G-SLS
 1996 2.3 ± 0.8 2.6 ± 0.9 2.4 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 22.87 0.059 < 0.001
(354)   (61) (115) (178)    
 1998 2.2 ± 0.8 2.4 ± 0.8 2.3 ± 0.7 2.1 ± 0.7 15.75 0.038 < 0.001
(368)   (85) (117) (166)    
 2000 2.1 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.6 18.40 0.042 < 0.001
(396)   (102) (132) (162)    
 2002 2.2 ± 0.7 2.4 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.6 21.38 0.042 < 0.001
(420)   (120) (143) (157)    
 2004 2.3 ± 0.8 2.5 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 28.26 0.064 < 0.001
(412)   (140) (129) (143)    
 2006 2.3 ± 0.8 2.5 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 15.29 0.035 < 0.001
(386)   (155) (117) (114)    
 2007 2.2 ± 0.8 2.6 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.7 42.07 0.113 < 0.001
(359)   (136) (116) (107)    
 2009 2.2 ± 0.8 2.4 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.7 2.0 ± 0.7 27.37 0.070 < 0.001
(364)   (152) (109) (103)    
 2010 2.3 ± 0.9 2.5 ± 0.9 2.2 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.8 10.86 0.028 0.004
(324)   (123) (98) (103)    
 2011 2.3 ± 0.9 2.5 ± 1.0 2.2 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.8 15.22 0.036 < 0.001
(372)   (139) (108) (125)    
 2012 2.3 ± 0.8 2.4 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.7 11.77 0.028 0.003
(349)   (131) (105) (113)    
 2013 2.3 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.7 2.3 ± 0.8 2.1 ± 0.6 6.58 0.014 0.037
(328)   (128) (98) (102)    
 2015 2.2 ± 0.8 2.4 ± 0.8 2.2 ± 0.8 2.0 ± 0.7 17.47 0.047 < 0.001
(333)   (125) (110) (98)    
  1. Higher scores in the G-SLS questionnaire indicate lower life satisfaction